Astrophys. J., 886, 147-147 (2019/December-1)
The matter beyond the ring: the recent evolution of SN 1987A observed by the Hubble Space Telescope.
LARSSON J., FRANSSON C., ALP D., CHALLIS P., CHEVALIER R.A., FRANCE K., KIRSHNER R.P., LAWRENCE S., LEIBUNDGUT B., LUNDQVIST P., MATTILA S., MIGOTTO K., SOLLERMAN J., SONNEBORN G., SPYROMILIO J., SUNTZEFF N.B. and WHEELER J.C.
Abstract (from CDS):
The nearby SN 1987A offers a spatially resolved view of the evolution of a young supernova (SN) remnant. Here we present recent Hubble Space Telescope imaging observations of SN 1987A, which we use to study the evolution of the ejecta, the circumstellar equatorial ring (ER), and the increasing emission from material outside the ER. We find that the inner ejecta have been brightening at a gradually slower rate and that the western side has been brighter than the eastern side since ∼7000 days. This is expected given that the X-rays from the ER are most likely powering the ejecta emission. At the same time, the optical emission from the ER continues to fade linearly with time. The ER is expanding at 680 ± 50 km s–1, which reflects the typical velocity of transmitted shocks in the dense hot spots. A dozen spots and a rim of diffuse Hα emission have appeared outside the ER since 9500 days. The new spots are more than an order of magnitude fainter than the spots in the ER and also fade faster. We show that the spots and diffuse emission outside the ER may be explained by fast ejecta interacting with high-latitude material that extends from the ER toward the outer rings. Further observations of this emission will make it possible to determine the detailed geometry of the high-latitude material and provide insight into the formation of the rings and the mass-loss history of the progenitor.
© 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Core-collapse supernovae - Supernova remnants - Circumstellar matter - Shocks - Ejecta
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