Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 486, 3047-3058 (2019/July-1)
The submillimetre view of massive clusters at z ∼ 0.8-1.6.
COOKE E.A., SMAIL I., STACH S.M., SWINBANK A.M., BOWER R.G., CHEN C.-C., KOYAMA Y. and THOMSON A.P.
Abstract (from CDS):
We analyse 850 µm continuum observations of eight massive X-ray-detected galaxy clusters at z ∼ 0.8-1.6 taken with SCUBA-2 on the James Clerk Maxwell Telescope. We find an average overdensity of 850-µm-selected sources of a factor of 4 ± 2 per cluster within the central 1 Mpc compared to the field. We investigate the multiwavelength properties of these sources and identify 34 infrared counterparts to 26 SCUBA-2 sources. Their colours suggest that the majority of these counterparts are probable cluster members. We use the multiwavelength far-infrared photometry to measure the total luminosities and total cluster star formation rates demonstrating that they are roughly three orders of magnitude higher than local clusters. We predict the H-band luminosities of the descendants of our cluster submillimetre galaxies and find that their stellar luminosity distribution is consistent with that of passive elliptical galaxies in z ∼ 0 clusters. Together, the faded descendants of the passive cluster population already in place at z ∼ 1 and the cluster submillimetre galaxies are able to account for the total luminosity function of early-type cluster galaxies at z ∼ 0. This suggests that the majority of the luminous passive population in z ∼ 0 clusters is likely to have formed at z ≫ 1 through an extreme, dust-obscured starburst event.