Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 641A, 37-37 (2020/9-1)
High-energy characteristics of the accretion-powered millisecond pulsar IGR J17591-2342 during its 2018 outburst. XMM-Newton, NICER, NuSTAR, and INTEGRAL view of the 0.3-300 keV X-ray band.
KUIPER L., TSYGANKOV S.S., FALANGA M., MEREMINSKIY I.A., GALLOWAY D.K., POUTANEN J. and LI Z.
Abstract (from CDS):
IGR J17591-2342 is an accreting millisecond X-ray pulsar, discovered with INTEGRAL, which went into outburst around July 21, 2018. To better understand the physics acting in these systems during the outburst episode, we performed detailed temporal-, timing-, and spectral analyses across the 0.3-300keV band using data from NICER, XMM-Newton, NuSTAR, and INTEGRAL. The hard X-ray 20-60keV outburst profile covering ∼85 days is composed of four flares. Over the course of the maximum of the last flare, we discovered a type-I thermonuclear burst in INTEGRAL JEM-X data, posing constraints on the source distance. We derived a distance of 7.6±0.7kpc, adopting Eddington-limited photospheric radius expansion and assuming anisotropic emission. In the timing analysis, using all NICER 1-10keV monitoring data, we observed a rather complex set of behaviours starting with a spin-up period (MJD 58345-58364), followed by a frequency drop (MJD 58364-58370), an episode of constant frequency (MJD 58370-58383), concluded by irregular behaviour till the end of the outburst. The 1-50keV phase distributions of the pulsed emission, detected up to ∼120keV using INTEGRAL ISGRI data, was decomposed in three Fourier harmonics showing that the pulsed fraction of the fundamental increases from ∼10% to ∼17% going from ∼1.5 to ∼4keV, while the harder photons arrive earlier than the soft photons for energies ≤10keV. The total emission spectrum of IGR J17591-2342 across the 0.3-150keV band could adequately be fitted in terms of an absorbedCOMPPS model yielding as best fit parameters a column density of NH=(2.09±0.05)x1022cm–2, a blackbody seed photon temperature kTbb,seed of 0.64±0.02keV, electron temperature kTe=38.8±1.2keV and Thomson optical depth τT=1.59±0.04. The fit normalisation results in an emission area radius of 11.3±0.5km adopting a distance of 7.6kpc. Finally, the results are discussed within the framework of accretion physics- and X-ray thermonuclear burst theory.
© ESO 2020
pulsars: individual: IGR J17591-2342 - stars: neutron - radiation mechanisms: non-thermal - gamma rays: general - X-rays: general - X-rays: binaries
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