Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 642A, 222-222 (2020/10-1)
Sulphur and carbon isotopes towards Galactic centre clouds.
HUMIRE P.K., THIEL V., HENKEL C., BELLOCHE A., LOISON J.-C., PILLAI T., RIQUELME D., WAKELAM V., LANGER N., HERNANDEZ-GOMEZ A., MAUERSBERGER R. and MENTEN K.M.
Abstract (from CDS):
Context. Measuring isotopic ratios is a sensitive technique used to obtain information on stellar nucleosynthesis and chemical evolution.
Aims. We present measurements of the carbon and sulphur abundances in the interstellar medium of the central region of our Galaxy. The selected targets are the +50km/s Cloud and several line-of-sight clouds towards Sgr B2(N).
Methods. Towards the +50km/s Cloud, we observed the J=2-1 rotational transitions of 12C32S, 12C34S, 13C32S, 12C33S, and 13C34S, and the J=3-2 transitions of 12C32S and 12C34S with the IRAM-30m telescope, as well as the J=6-5 transitions of 12C34S and 13C32S with the APEX 12m telescope, all in emission. The J=2-1 rotational transitions of 12C32S, 12C34S, 13C32S, and 13C34S were observed with ALMA in the envelope of Sgr B2(N), with those of 12C32S and 12C34S also observed in the line-of-sight clouds towards Sgr B2(N), all in absorption.
Results. In the +50km/s Cloud we derive a 12C/13C isotopic ratio of 22.1–2.4+3.3, that leads, with the measured 13C32S/12C34S line intensity ratio, to a 32S/34S ratio of 16.3–2.4+3.0. We also derive the 32S/34S isotopic ratio more directly from the two isotopologues 13C32S and 13C34S, which leads to an independent 32S/34S estimation of 16.3–1.7+2.1 and 17.9±5.0 for the +50km/s Cloud and Sgr B2(N), respectively. We also obtain a 34S/33S ratio of 4.3±0.2 in the +50km/s Cloud.
Conclusions. Previous studies observed a decreasing trend in the 32S/34S isotopic ratios when approaching the Galactic centre. Our result indicates a termination of this tendency at least at a galactocentric distance of 130–30+60_pc. This is at variance with findings based on 12C/13C, 14N/15N, and 18O/17O isotope ratios, where the above-mentioned trend is observed to continue right to the central molecular zone. This can indicate a drop in the production of massive stars at the Galactic centre, in the same line as recent metallicity gradient ([Fe/H]) studies, and opens the work towards a comparison with Galactic and stellar evolution models.
© P. K. Humire et al. 2020
Galaxy: centre - submillimetre: ISM - Galaxy: formation - Galaxy: evolution - stars: atmospheres - submillimetre: general
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/A+A/642/A222): table1.dat 50cloud/*_f.dat 50cloud/*-?.dat sgrb2_n/*>
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