NGC 4869 in the Coma cluster: twist, wrap, overlap, and bend.
Abstract (from CDS):
The upgraded Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT) has been used to image the head-tail radio galaxy NGC 4869 in the Coma cluster with an angular resolution of 6.''26 at 250-500 MHz and 2.''18 at the 1050-1450 MHz bands. The archival legacy GMRT data have also been used to image the source with angular resolutions from 4.''9 to 21.''8 at 610 MHz, 325 MHz, 240 MHz, and 150 MHz. We find that the ∼200 kpc scale radio morphology consists of five distinct regions with the clear presence of a pinch at ≃1.'4 (=38.8 kpc) and a ridge at ≃3.'4 (=94.2 kpc) from the head. The sharp bend by ∼70° at ∼3.'5 (=97 kpc) from the head is possibly due to projection effects. The radio spectra show progressive spectral steepening as a function of distance from the head and there is possibly re-acceleration of the synchrotron electrons and perhaps also magnetic field regeneration in the 6''-208'' (=2.8-96.1 kpc) region of the jet. We report a steep spectrum sheath layer enveloping a flat spectrum spine, hinting at a transverse velocity structure with a fast-moving spine surrounded by a slow-moving sheath layer. We also derive the lifetimes of the radiating electrons and equipartition parameters. A plausible explanation for the characteristic feature, a ridge of emission perpendicular to the direction of tail is the flaring of a straight, collimated radio jet as it crosses a surface brightness edge due to Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities.
Extragalactic radio sources - Radio sources - Tailed radio galaxies - Coma Cluster - Intracluster medium - Spectral index - X-ray active galactic nuclei - Active galactic nuclei - Radio jets