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2020ApJ...889..162L - Astrophys. J., 889, 162-162 (2020/February-1)

Probing the full CO spectral line energy distribution (SLED) in the nuclear region of a quasar-starburst system at z = 6.003.

LI J., WANG R., RIECHERS D., WALTER F., DECARLI R., VENAMANS B.P., NERI R., SHAO Y., FAN X., GAO Y., CARILLI C.L., OMONT A., COX P., MENTEN K.M., WAGG J., BERTOLDI F. and NARAYANAN D.

Abstract (from CDS):

We report Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array observations of CO(8-7), (9-8), H2O(20,2–11,1), and OH+(11–01) and NOrthern Extended Millimeter Array observations of CO(5-4), (6-5), (12-11), and (13-12) toward the z = 6.003 quasar SDSS J231038.88+185519.7, aiming to probe the physical conditions of the molecular gas content of this source. We present the best sampled CO spectral line energy distribution (SLED) at z = 6.003, and analyzed it with the radiative transfer code MOLPOP-CEP. Fitting the CO SLED to a one-component model indicates a kinetic temperature Tkin = 228 K, molecular gas density log(n(H2)/cm–3) = 4.75, and CO column density log(N(CO)/cm–2)=17.5; although, a two-component model better fits the data. In either case, the CO SLED is dominated by a "warm" and "dense" component. Compared to samples of local (Ultra) Luminous Infrared Galaxies, starburst galaxies, and high-redshift submillimeter galaxies, J2310+1855 exhibits higher CO excitation at (J >= 8), like other high-redshift quasars. The high CO excitation, together with the enhanced LH2O/LIR_, LH2O/LCO_, and LOH+^/LH2O_ ratios, suggests that besides the UV radiation from young massive stars, other mechanisms such as shocks, cosmic-rays, and X-rays might also be responsible for the heating and ionization of the molecular gas. In the nuclear region probed by the molecular emissions lines, any of these mechanisms might be present due to the powerful quasar and the starburst activity.

Abstract Copyright: © 2020. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): Submillimeter astronomy - Quasars - Starburst galaxies - Infrared galaxies - AGN host galaxies - High-redshift galaxies - Interstellar medium - Molecular gas - Interstellar phases - Observational cosmology - Early universe

Simbad objects: 15

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2021.07.28-14:14:20

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