Astrophys. J., 894, 39-39 (2020/May-1)
Thirty years of radio observations of Type Ia SN 1972E and SN 1895B: constraints on circumstellar shells.
CENDES Y., DROUT M.R., CHOMIUK L. and SARBADHICARY S.K.
Abstract (from CDS):
We have imaged 35 yr of archival Very Large Array observations of the nearby (dL = 3.15 Mpc) Type Ia supernovae SN 1972E and SN 1895B between 9 and 121 yr post-explosion. No radio emission is detected, constraining their radio luminosities to be Lν,8.5GHz < 6.0 x 1023 erg s–1 Hz–1 45 yr post-explosion and Lν,8.5GHz < 8.9 x 1023 erg s–1 Hz–1 121 yr post-explosion, respectively. These limits imply a clean circumstellar medium (CSM), with n < 0.9 cm–3 out to radii of a few x1018 cm, if the SN blast wave is expanding into uniform density material. We also constrain the presence of CSM shells surrounding the progenitor of SN 1972E. We rule out essentially all medium and thick shells with masses of 0.05-0.3 M☉ at radii between ∼1017 and 1018 cm, and thin shells at specific radii with masses down to <=0.01 M☉. These constraints rule out swaths of parameter space single and double degenerate progenitor scenarios, including recurrent nova, core-degenerate objects, ultra-prompt explosions, and white dwarf (WD) mergers with delays of a few hundred years between the onset of merger and explosion. Allowed progenitors include WD-WD systems with a significant (>104 yr) delay from the last episode of common envelope evolution and single degenerate systems undergoing recurrent nova-provided that the system has been in the nova phase for >=104 yr, such that a large (>1018 cm) cavity has been evacuated. Future multi-epoch observations of additional intermediate-aged SNe Ia will provide a comprehensive view of the large-scale CSM around these explosions.
© 2020. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Circumstellar matter - Supernovae - Type Ia supernovae - Radio continuum emission
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