Astrophys. J., 897, 36-36 (2020/July-1)
HD 62542: probing the bare, dense core of a translucent interstellar cloud.
WELTY D.E., SONNENTRUCKER P., SNOW T.P. and YORK D.G.
Abstract (from CDS):
We discuss the interstellar absorption from many atomic and molecular species seen in high-resolution Hubble Space Telescope/STIS UV and high signal-to-noise ratio optical spectra of the moderately reddened B3-5 V star HD 62542. This remarkable sight line exhibits both very steep far-UV extinction and a high fraction of hydrogen in molecular form, with strong absorption from CH, C2, CN, and CO, but weak absorption from CH+ and most of the commonly observed diffuse interstellar bands. Most of the material resides in a single narrow velocity component, offering a rare opportunity to probe the primarily molecular core of a single interstellar cloud with little associated diffuse atomic gas. Detailed analyses of the spectra indicate that (1) the molecular fraction in the main cloud is high (f(H2) >= 0.8); (2) the gas is fairly cold (Tk = 40-43 K; from the rotational excitation of H2 and C2); (3) the local hydrogen density nH ∼ 1500 cm–3 (from C2 excitation, fine-structure excitation of C0, and simple chemical models); (4) the unusually high excitation temperatures for 12CO and 13CO may be largely due to radiative excitation; (5) N(C+):N(CO):N(C) ∼ 100:10:1; (6) the depletions of many elements are more severe than those seen in any other sight line and the detailed pattern of depletions differs from those derived from larger samples of Galactic sight lines; and (7) the various neutral/first ion ratios do not yield consistent estimates for electron density, even when the effects of grain-assisted recombination and low-temperature dielectronic recombination are considered.
© 2020. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
Diffuse interstellar clouds - Interstellar absorption - Interstellar abundances - Interstellar clouds - Interstellar line absorption - Interstellar medium - Interstellar molecules - Diffuse molecular clouds
View the reference in ADS
To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:2020ApJ...897...36W and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu