Astrophys. J., 900, 20-20 (2020/September-1)
Distortion of magnetic fields in the dense core SL 42 (CrA-E) in the corona Australis molecular cloud complex.
KANDORI R., TAMURA M., SAITO M., TOMISAKA K., MATSUMOTO T., TAZAKI R., NAGATA T., KUSAKABE N., NAKAJIMA Y., KWON J., NAGAYAMA T. and TATEMATSU K.
Abstract (from CDS):
The detailed magnetic field structure of the dense core SL 42 (CrA-E) in the Corona Australis molecular cloud complex was investigated based on near-infrared polarimetric observations of background stars to measure dichroically polarized light produced by magnetically aligned dust grains. The magnetic fields in and around SL 42 were mapped using 206 stars, and curved magnetic fields were identified. On the basis of simple hourglass (parabolic) magnetic field modeling, the magnetic axis of the core on the plane of the sky was estimated to be 40° ± 3°. The plane-of-sky magnetic field strength of SL 42 was found to be 22.4 ± 13.9 µG. Taking into account the effects of thermal/turbulent pressure and the plane-of-sky magnetic field component, the critical mass of SL 42 was obtained to be Mcr = 21.2 ± 6.6 M☉, which is close to the observed core mass of Mcore ≃ 20 M☉. We thus conclude that SL 42 is in a condition close to the critical state if the magnetic fields lie near the plane of the sky. Because there is a very low-luminosity object toward the center of SL 42, it is unlikely that this core is in a highly subcritical condition (i.e., the magnetic inclination angle is significantly deviated from the plane of the sky). The core probably started to collapse from a nearly kinematically critical state. In addition to the hourglass magnetic field modeling, the Inoue & Fukui mechanism may explain the origin of the curved magnetic fields in the SL 42 region.
© 2020. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society.
Starlight polarization - Infrared astronomy - Interstellar dust - Dense interstellar clouds - Interstellar magnetic fields
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