SIMBAD references

2020ApJ...905..133Z - Astrophys. J., 905, 133-133 (2020/December-3)

Characterizing the circumgalactic medium of the lowest-mass galaxies: a case study of IC 1613.


Abstract (from CDS):

Using 10 sight lines observed with the Hubble Space Telescope/Cosmic Origins Spectrograph, we study the circumgalactic medium (CGM) and outflows of IC 1613, which is a low-mass (M* ∼ 108 M), dwarf irregular galaxy on the outskirts of the Local Group. Among the sight lines, four are pointed toward UV-bright stars in IC 1613, and the other six sight lines are background QSOs at impact parameters from 6 kpc (<0.1R200) to 61 kpc (0.6R200). We detect a number of Si II, Si III, Si IV, C II, and C IV absorbers, most of which have velocities less than the escape velocity of IC 1613 and thus are gravitationally bound. The line strengths of these ion absorbers are consistent with the CGM absorbers detected in dwarf galaxies at low redshifts. Assuming that Si II, Si III, and Si IV comprise nearly 100% of the total silicon, we find 3% (∼8 x 103 M), 2% (∼7 x 103 M), and 32%-42% [∼(1.0-1.3) x 105 M] of the silicon mass in the stars, interstellar medium, and within 0.6R200 of the CGM of IC 1613. We also estimate the metal outflow rate to be {dot}Mout,Z≥ 1.1×10–5Myr–1 and the instantaneous metal mass loading factor to be ηZ >= 0.004, which are in broad agreement with available observation and simulation values. This work is the first time a dwarf galaxy of such low mass is probed by a number of both QSO and stellar sight lines, and it shows that the CGM of low-mass, gas-rich galaxies can be a large reservoir enriched with metals from past and ongoing outflows.

Abstract Copyright: © 2020. The Author(s). Published by the American Astronomical Society.

Journal keyword(s): Circumgalactic medium - Local Group - Magellanic Stream - Metallicity - Dwarf irregular galaxies

Simbad objects: 24

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