Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 491, 1348-1354 (2020/January-1)
Generation of non-linear magnetic flux tube wave energies in Procyon A.
FAWZY D.E., SAYGAC A.T. and STEPIEN K.
Abstract (from CDS):
The aim of the current study is the computation of the magnetic flux tube wave energies and fluxes generated in the convection zone of Procyon A. This is a subgiant of spectral type F5 IV-V showing chromospheric and coronal activities. The mechanisms responsible for the generation of different wave modes include the interaction of the thin and vertically oriented magnetic flux tube embedded in magnetic-free regions with turbulence in the convection zone of Procyon A. We are considering longitudinal, transverse, and acoustic wave modes. Turbulence in the convection zone is modelled by the extended Kolmogorov turbulent energy spectrum and the modified Gaussian frequency factor. Different magnetic flux tube models with different degrees of magnetic activities were considered. The current approach takes the non-linear effects into consideration. The results show that there is enough wave energy in the three different forms to heat the outer layers of the star. The obtained acoustic wave energies are larger than those of the longitudinal tube wave energies compared to the solar case. This can be explained by the relatively low magnetic field strength. On the other side, our computations show the importance of the transverse wave energies compared to the energies carried by the longitudinal waves. The former waves carry energy several (between 2 and 14) times higher than the latter. The obtained wave energies are essential for constructing time-dependent model chromospheres and for the predictions of atmospheric oscillations.