SIMBAD references

2020MNRAS.494.2600N - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 494, 2600-2617 (2020/May-2)

The Sheet of Giants: Unusual properties of the Milky Way's immediate neighbourhood.


Abstract (from CDS):

We quantify the shape and overdensity of the galaxy distribution in the 'Local Sheet' within a sphere of R = 8 Mpc and compare these properties with the expectations of the ΛCDM model. We measure ellipsoidal axis ratios of c/a ≃ 0.16 and b/a ≃ 0.79, indicating that the distribution of galaxies in the Local Volume can be approximated by a flattened oblate ellipsoid, consistent with the 'sheet'-like configuration noted in previous studies. In contrast with previous estimates that the Local Sheet has a density close to average, we find that the number density of faint and bright galaxies in the Local Volume is ≃1.7 and ≃5.2 times denser, respectively, than the mean number density of galaxies of the same luminosity. Comparison with simulations shows that the number density contrasts of bright and faint galaxies within 8 Mpc alone make the Local Volume a ≃2.5 σ outlier in the ΛCDM cosmology. Our results indicate that the cosmic neighbourhood of the Milky Way may be unusual for galaxies of similar luminosity. The impact of the peculiar properties of our neighbourhood on the properties of the Milky Way and other nearby galaxies is not yet understood and warrants further study.

Abstract Copyright: © 2020 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society

Journal keyword(s): catalogues - galaxies: abundances - large-scale structure of Universe

Status at CDS : Large table(s) will be appraised for possible ingestion in VizieR.

Simbad objects: 40

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