Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 499, 149-160 (2020/November-3)
V1460 Her: a fast spinning white dwarf accreting from an evolved donor star.
ASHLEY R.P., MARSH T.R., BREEDT E., GANSICKE B.T., PALA A.F., TOLOZA O., CHOTE P., THORSTENSEN J.R. and BURLEIGH M.R.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present time-resolved optical and ultraviolet (UV) spectroscopy and photometry of V1460 Her, an eclipsing cataclysmic variable with a 4.99-h orbital period and an overluminous K5-type donor star. The optical spectra show emission lines from an accretion disc along with absorption lines from the donor. We use these to measure radial velocities, which, together with constraints upon the orbital inclination from photometry, imply masses of M1=0.869±0.006Modot and M2=0.295±0.004M☉ for the white dwarf and the donor. The radius of the donor, R2=0.43±0.002 R☉, is ≃50 per cent larger than expected given its mass, while its spectral type is much earlier than the M3.5 type that would be expected from a main-sequence star with a similar mass. Hubble Space Telescope (HST) spectra show strong N V 1240-Å emission but no C IV 1550-Å emission, evidence for CNO-processed material. The donor is therefore a bloated, overluminous remnant of a thermal time-scale stage of high mass transfer and has yet to reestablish thermal equilibrium. Remarkably, the HST UV data also show a strong 30 per cent peak-to-peak, 38.9s pulsation that we explain as being due to the spin of the white dwarf, potentially putting V1460 Her in a similar category to the propeller system AE Aqr in terms of its spin frequency and evolutionary path. AE Aqr also features a post-thermal time-scale mass donor, and V1460 Her may therefore be its weak magnetic field analogue since the accretion disc is still present, with the white dwarf spin-up a result of a recent high accretion rate.
© 2020 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society
binaries: eclipsing - binaries: general - binaries: spectroscopic - stars: dwarf novae - novae, cataclysmic variables
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