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2020MNRAS.499.4626D - Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 499, 4626-4637 (2020/December-3)

Water transport throughout the TRAPPIST-1 system: the role of planetesimals.


Abstract (from CDS):

Observational data suggest that a belt of planetesimals is expected close to the snow line in protoplanetary discs. Assuming there is such a belt in the TRAPPIST-1 system, we examine possibilities of water delivery to the planets via planetesimals from the belt. The study is accomplished by numerical simulations of dynamical evolution of a hypothetical planetesimal belt. Our results show that the inner part of the belt is dynamically unstable and planetesimals located in this region are quickly scattered away, with many of them entering the region around the planets. The main dynamical mechanism responsible for the instability are close encounters with the outermost planet Trappist-1h. A low-order mean-motion resonance 2:3 with Trappist-1h, located in the same region, also contributes to the objects transport. In our nominal model, the planets have received a non-negligible amount of water, with the smallest amount of 15 per cent of the current Earth's water amount (EWA) being delivered to the planet 1b, while the planets Trappist-1e and Trappist-1g have received more than 60 per cent of the EWA. We have found that while the estimated efficiency of water transport to the planets is robust, the amount of water delivered to each planet may vary significantly, depending on the initial masses and orbits of the planets. The estimated dynamical 'half-lives' have shown that the impactors' source region should be emptied in less then 1 Myr. Therefore, the obtained results suggest that the transport of planetesimals through the system preferably occurs during an early phase of the planetary system evolution.

Abstract Copyright: © 2020 The Author(s) Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Royal Astronomical Society

Journal keyword(s): astrobiology - methods: numerical - celestial mechanics - planets and satellites: dynamical evolution and stability - planets and satellites: individual: TRAPPIST-1 - planetary systems

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