Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 647A, 49-49 (2021/3-1)
Chemical analysis of early-type stars with planets.
SAFFE C., MIQUELARENA P., ALACORIA J., FLORES M., JAQUE ARANCIBIA M., CALVO D., MARTIN GIRARDI G., GROSSO M. and COLLADO A.
Abstract (from CDS):
Aims. Our goal is to explore the chemical pattern of early-type stars with planets, searching for a possible signature of planet formation. In particular, we study a likely relation between the λ Bootis chemical pattern and the presence of giant planets.
Methods. We performed a detailed abundance determination in a sample of early-type stars with and without planets via spectral synthesis. Fundamental parameters were initially estimated using Stromgren photometry or literature values and then refined by requiring excitation and ionization balances of Fe lines. We derived chemical abundances for 23 different species by fitting observed spectra with an iterative process. Synthetic spectra were calculated using the program SYNTHE together with local thermodynamic equilibrium ATLAS12 model atmospheres. We used specific opacities calculated for each star, depending on the individual composition and microturbulence velocity vmicro through the opacity sampling method. The complete chemical pattern of the stars were then compared to those of λ Bootis stars and other chemically peculiar stars.
Results. We compared the chemical pattern of the stars in our sample (13 stars with planets and 24 stars without detected planets) with those of λ Bootis and other chemically peculiar stars. We have found four λ Bootis stars in our sample, two of which present planets and circumstellar disks (HR 8799 and HD 169142) and one without planets detected (HD 110058). We have also identified the first λ Bootis star orbited by a brown dwarf (ζ Del). This interesting pair, the λ Bootis star and brown dwarf, could help to test stellar formation scenarios. We found no unique chemical pattern for the group of early-type stars bearing giant planets. However, our results support, in principle, a suggested scenario in which giant planets orbiting pre-main-sequence stars possibly block the dust of the disk and result in a λ Bootis-like pattern. On the other hand, we do not find a λ Bootis pattern in different hot-Jupiter planet host stars, which does not support the idea of possible accretion from the winds of hot-Jupiters, recently proposed in the literature. As a result, other mechanisms should account for the presence of the λ Bootis pattern between main-sequence stars. Finally, we suggest that the formation of planets around λ Bootis stars, such as HR 8799 and HD 169142, is also possible through the core accretion process and not only gravitational instability.
© ESO 2021
stars: early-type - stars: abundances - planetary systems
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<Available at CDS (J/A+A/647/A49): table3.dat tablea1.dat>
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