SIMBAD references

2021AJ....161...67W - Astron. J., 161, 67-67 (2021/February-0)

HD 63021: chromospheric activity and mass transfer in a close binary.

WHELAN D.G., CHOJNOWSKI S.D., LABADIE-BARTZ J., DAGLEN J., HUDSON K., CASEY G.M., STRINGFELLOW G.S., LESTER K.V., BARRY J., HEINERIKSON J., PANKRATZ D., SCHREFFLER M., MADERAK R., LOTSPEICH N., VITALE-SULLIVAN M. and WOODARD M.

Abstract (from CDS):

Prompted by X-ray detections from multiple surveys, we investigated the A-type star HD 63021 and found that it is a double-lined spectroscopic binary with highly variable emission associated with the primary star. Analysis of our multiepoch spectroscopic observations, the majority of which were carried out on small-aperture telescopes, indicates a very short orbital period of just 2.9 days and a mass ratio M2/M1 of 0.23. The A1 V star is a slow rotator, with a rotational speed of ∼34 km s–1. Assuming that its mass is 2.3 M, the present-day secondary is an evolved star of ∼0.5 M that nearly fills its Roche lobe. This secondary star rotates comparatively rapidly at ∼44 km s–1, and we see evidence that it is chromospherically active. Analysis of a photometric light curve from TESS reveals two strong periods, one at the orbital period for the system and another at half the orbital period. These findings suggest that HD 63021 is a close binary system undergoing mass transfer from the secondary star onto the primary star-in all ways like an Algol eclipsing binary system, except without the eclipse. We discuss the system's mass transfer, which is not steady but seems to run in fits and bursts, and infer the system's basic physical properties from an orbital parameter study, the Roche lobe geometry, and its extant X-ray emission.

Abstract Copyright: © 2021. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): Ae stars - Algol variable stars - Close binary stars - X-ray binary stars - Spectroscopy - Spectral energy distribution - Orbit determination - Stellar classification - Stellar rotation - Time domain astronomy - Variable stars

Simbad objects: 3

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2021.07.28-17:21:33

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