SIMBAD references

2021AJ....161..181Z - Astron. J., 161, 181-181 (2021/April-0)

No escaping helium from 55 Cnc e.

ZHANG M., KNUTSON H.A., WANG L., DAI F., OKLOPCIC A. and HU R.

Abstract (from CDS):

We search for escaping helium from the hot super-Earth 55 Cnc e by taking high-resolution spectra of the 1083 nm line during two transits using Keck/NIRSPEC. We detect no helium absorption down to a 90% upper limit of 250 ppm in excess absorption or 0.27 mÅ in equivalent width. This corresponds to a mass-loss rate of less than ∼109 g s–1 assuming a Parker wind model with a plausible exosphere temperature of 5000-6000 K, although the precise constraint is heavily dependent on model assumptions. We consider both hydrogen- and helium-dominated atmospheric compositions and find similar bounds on the mass-loss rate in both scenarios. Our hydrodynamical models indicate that if a lightweight atmosphere exists on 55 Cnc e, our observations would have easily detected it. Together with the nondetection of Lyα absorption by Ehrenreich et al., our helium nondetection indicates that 55 Cnc e either never accreted a primordial atmosphere in the first place or lost its primordial atmosphere shortly after the dissipation of the gas disk.

Abstract Copyright: © 2021. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): Exoplanet atmospheres - Exoplanet atmospheric composition - High resolution spectroscopy - Super Earths

Simbad objects: 18

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2021.11.30-20:09:49

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