Astrophys. J., 907, 17-17 (2021/January-3)
The metallicity dependence of the high-mass X-ray binary luminosity function.
LEHMER B.D., EUFRASIO R.T., BASU-ZYCH A., DOORE K., FRAGOS T., GAROFALI K., KOVLAKAS K., WILLIAMS B.F., ZEZAS A. and SANTANA-SILVA L.
Abstract (from CDS):
In this work, we present detailed constraints on the metallicity dependence of the high-mass X-ray binary (HMXB) X-ray luminosity function (XLF). We analyze ≃5 Ms of Chandra data for 55 actively star-forming galaxies at D <= 30 Mpc, with gas-phase metallicities spanning 12+log(O/H) ≃ 7-9.2. Within the galactic footprints, our sample contains a total of 1311 X-ray point sources, of which ≃49% are expected to be HMXBs, with the remaining sources likely to be low-mass X-ray binaries (LMXBs; ≃22%) and unrelated background sources (≃29%). We construct a model that successfully characterizes the average HMXB XLF over the full metallicity range. We demonstrate that the SFR-normalized HMXB XLF shows clear trends with metallicity, showing steadily increasing numbers of luminous and ultraluminous X-ray sources (logL(erg s–1) = 38-40.5) with declining metallicity. However, we find that the low-luminosity (logL(erg s–1) = 36-38) HMXB XLF appears to show a nearly constant SFR scaling and slope with metallicity. Our model provides a revised scaling relation of integrated LX/SFR versus 12+log(O/H), and a new characterization of its SFR-dependent stochastic scatter. The general trend of this relation is broadly consistent with past studies based on integrated galaxy emission; however, our model suggests that this relation is driven primarily by the high-luminosity end of the HMXB XLF. Our results have implications for binary population synthesis models, the nature of super-Eddington accreting objects (e.g., ultraluminous X-ray sources), recent efforts to identify active galactic nucleus candidates in dwarf galaxies, and the X-ray radiation fields in the early universe during the epoch of cosmic heating at z >= 10.
© 2021. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
High mass x-ray binary stars - Metallicity - Star formation - Spiral galaxies - X-ray binary stars - X-ray astronomy - Compact objects
Status at CDS
Examining the need for a new acronym. // Large table(s) will be appraised for possible ingestion in VizieR.
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