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2021ApJ...907...33Y - Astrophys. J., 907, 33-33 (2021/January-3)

The JCMT BISTRO survey: alignment between outflows and magnetic fields in dense Cores/Clumps.

YEN H.-W., KOCH P.M., HULL C.L.H., WARD-THOMPSON D., BASTIEN P., HASEGAWA T., KWON W., LAI S.-P., QIU K., CHING T.-C., CHUNG E.J., COUDE S., DI FRANCESCO J., DIEP P.N., DOI Y., ESWARAIAH C., FALLE S., FULLER G., FURUYA R.S., HAN I., HATCHELL J., HOUDE M., INUTSUKA S.-I., JOHNSTONE D., KANG J.-H., KANG M., KIM K.-T., KIRCHSCHLAGER F., KWON J., LEE C.W., LEE C.-F., LIU H.-L., LIU T., LYO A.-R., OHASHI N., ONAKA T., PATTLE K., SADAVOY S., SAITO H., SHINNAGA H., SOAM A., TAHANI M., TAMURA M., TANG Y.-W., TANG X. and ZHANG C.-P.

Abstract (from CDS):

We compare the directions of molecular outflows of 62 low-mass Class 0 and I protostars in nearby (<450 pc) star-forming regions with the mean orientations of the magnetic fields on 0.05-0.5 pc scales in the dense cores/clumps where they are embedded. The magnetic field orientations were measured using the JCMT POL-2 data taken by the BISTRO-1 survey and from the archive. The outflow directions were observed with interferometers in the literature. The observed distribution of the angles between the outflows and the magnetic fields peaks between 15° and 35°. After considering projection effects, our results could suggest that the outflows tend to be misaligned with the magnetic fields by 50° ± 15° in three-dimensional space and are less likely (but not ruled out) randomly oriented with respect to the magnetic fields. There is no correlation between the misalignment and the bolometric temperatures in our sample. In several sources, the small-scale (1000-3000 au) magnetic field is more misaligned with the outflow than the large-scale magnetic field, suggesting that the small-scale magnetic field has been twisted by the dynamics. In comparison with turbulent MHD simulations of core formation, our observational results are more consistent with models in which the energy densities in the magnetic field and the turbulence of the gas are comparable. Our results also suggest that the misalignment alone cannot sufficiently reduce the efficiency of magnetic braking to enable formation of the observed number of large Keplerian disks with sizes larger than 30-50 au.

Abstract Copyright: © 2021. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): Star formation - Star forming regions - Protostars - Interstellar magnetic fields

Simbad objects: 78

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2021.07.28-08:58:34

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