SIMBAD references

2021ApJ...909..113L - Astrophys. J., 909, 113-113 (2021/March-2)

Revealing efficient dust formation at low metallicity in extragalactic carbon-rich Wolf-Rayet binaries.

LAU R.M., HANKINS M.J., KASLIWAL M.M., BOND H.E., DE K., JENCSON J.E., MOFFAT A.F.J., SMITH N. and WILLIAMS P.M.

Abstract (from CDS):

We present Spitzer/InfraRed Array Camera observations of dust formation from six extragalactic carbon-rich Wolf-Rayet (WC) binary candidates in low-metallicity (Z <= 0.65 Z) environments using multiepoch mid-infrared (IR) imaging data from the SPitzer InfraRed Intensive Transients Survey (SPIRITS). Optical follow-up spectroscopy of SPIRITS 16ln, 19q, 16df, 18hb, and 14apu reveals emission features from C IV λ5801-12 and/or the C III-IV λ4650/He II λ4686 blend that are consistent with early-type WC stars. We identify SPIRITS 16ln as the variable mid-IR counterpart of the recently discovered colliding-wind WC4 + O binary candidate, N604-WRXc, located in the subsolar metallicity NGC 604 H II region in M33. We interpret the mid-IR variability from SPIRITS 16ln as a dust-formation episode in an eccentric colliding-wind WC binary. SPIRITS 19q, 16df, 14apu, and 18hb exhibit absolute [3.6] magnitudes exceeding that of one of the most IR-luminous dust-forming WC systems known, WR 104 (M[3.6] <= -12.3). An analysis of dust formation in the mid-IR outburst from SPIRITS 19q reveals a high dust production rate of {dot}Md≳2×10–6M yr–1, which may therefore exceed that of the most efficient dust-forming WC systems known. We demonstrate that efficient dust formation is feasible from early-type WC binaries in the theoretical framework of colliding-wind binary dust formation if the systems host an O-type companion with high mass-loss rates ({dot}M≳1.6×10–6M yr–1). This efficient dust formation from early-type WC binaries highlights their potential role as significant sources of dust in low-metallicity environments.

Abstract Copyright: © 2021. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): Wolf-Rayet stars - WC stars - Circumstellar dust - Time domain astronomy - Infrared astronomy - Stellar winds

Simbad objects: 32

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2021.12.03-09:19:56

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