Query : 2001A&A...377..672S

2001A&A...377..672S - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 377, 672-676 (2001/10-2)

A model for the strings of η Carinae.


Abstract (from CDS):

We propose a model based on ionization shadows to explain the formation of the long and narrow strings of η Carinae. Five strings are known, all located along the symmetry axis outside the Homunculus. The model assumes that each string is formed in a shadow behind a dense clump near the symmetry axis. The surrounding gas is ionized first, becomes much hotter, and compresses the gas in the shadow. This leads to the formation of a radial, dense, long, and narrow region, i.e., a string. Later the neutral material in the strings is ionized, and becomes brighter. Still later it re-expands, and we predict that in ∼100-200yrs the strings will fade. The condition for the model to work is that the ionization front, due to the diffuse ionizing recombination radiation of the surrounding gas, proceeds into the shadow at a velocity slower than the compression speed, which is about the sound speed. From that we get a condition on the mass loss rate of the mass loss episode that formed the strings, which reads {dot}(M)s≲10–4M/yr. The model can also explain the strings in the planetary nebula NGC 6543.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): stars: early-type - stars: mass loss - stars: individual: η Carinae - ISM: planetary nebulae: individual: NGC 6543 - ISM: reflection nebulae

Simbad objects: 2

goto Full paper

goto View the reference in ADS

Number of rows : 2
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
1 * eta Car Em* 10 45 03.545808 -59 41 03.95124 6.37 7.03 6.48 4.90 4.41 OBepec 2278 0
2 NGC 6543 PN 17 58 33.4042519454 +66 37 58.748961810   11.09 11.28     [WC] 1134 1

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:objects in 2001A&A...377..672S and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu


© Université de Strasbourg/CNRS

    • Contact