2009A&A...495...27A


Query : 2009A&A...495...27A

2009A&A...495...27A - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 495, 27-35 (2009/2-3)

Very high energy gamma-ray observations of the galaxy clusters Abell 496 and Abell 85 with HESS.

AHARONIAN F., AKHPERJANIAN A.G., ANTON G., BARRES DE ALMEIDA U., BAZER-BACHI A.R., BECHERINI Y., BEHERA B., BERNLOEHR K., BOISSON C., BOCHOW A., BORREL V., BRAUN I., BRION E., BRUCKER J., BRUN P., BUEHLER R., BULIK T., BUESCHING I., BOUTELIER T., CHADWICK P.M., CHARBONNIER A., CHAVES R.C.G., CHEESEBROUGH A., CHOUNET L.-M., CLAPSON A.C., COIGNET G., DALTON M., DANIEL M.K., DEGRANGE B., DEIL C., DICKINSON H.J., DJANNATI-ATAIE A., DOMAINKO W., DRURY L.O'C., DUBOIS F., DUBUS G., DYKS J., DYRDA M., EGBERTS K., EMMANOULOPOULOS D., ESPIGAT P., FARNIER C., FEINSTEIN F., FIASSON A., FOERSTER A., FONTAINE G., FUESSLING M., GABICI S., GALLANT Y.A., GERARD L., GIEBELS B., GLICENSTEIN J.F., GLUECK B., GORET P., HAUSER D., HAUSER M., HEINZ S., HEINZELMANN G., HENRI G., HERMANN G., HINTON J.A., HOFFMANN A., HOFMANN W., HOLLERAN M., HOPPE S., HORNS D., JACHOLKOWSKA A., DE JAGER O.C., JUNG I., KATARZYNSKI K., KATZ U., KAUFMANN S., KENDZIORRA E., KERSCHHAGGL M., KHANGULYAN D., KHELIFI B., KEOGH D., KOMIN N., KOSACK K., LAMANNA G., LENAIN J.-P., LOHSE T., MARANDON V., MARTIN J.M., MARTINEAU-HUYNH O., MARCOWITH A., MAURIN D., McCOMB T.J.L., MEDINA M.C., MODERSKI R., MOULIN E., NAUMANN-GODO M., DE NAUROIS M., NEDBAL D., NEKRASSOV D., NIEMIEC J., NOLAN S.J., OHM S., OLIVE J.-F., DE ONA WILHELMI E., ORFORD K.J., OSTROWSKI M., PANTER M., PAZ ARRIBAS M., PEDALETTI G., PELLETIER G., PETRUCCI P.-O., PITA S., PUEHLHOFER G., PUNCH M., QUIRRENBACH A., RAUBENHEIMER B.C., RAUE M., RAYNER S.M., RENAUD M., RIEGER F., RIPKEN J., ROB L., ROSIER-LEES S., ROWELL G., RUDAK B., RULTEN C.B., RUPPEL J., SAHAKIAN V., SANTANGELO A., SCHLICKEISER R., SCHOECK F.M., SCHROEDER R., SCHWANKE U., SCHWARZBURG S., SCHWEMMER S., SHALCHI A., SKILTON J.L., SOL H., SPANGLER D., STAWARZ L., STEENKAMP R., STEGMANN C., SUPERINA G., SZOSTEK A., TAM P.H., TAVERNET J.-P., TERRIER R., TIBOLLA O., VAN ELDIK C., VASILEIADIS G., VENTER C., VENTER L., VIALLE J.P., VINCENT P., VIVIER M., VOELK H.J., VOLPE F., WAGNER S.J., WARD M., ZDZIARSKI A.A. and ZECH A.

Abstract (from CDS):

The nearby galaxy clusters Abell 496 and Abell 85 are studied in the very high-energy (VHE, E>100GeV) band to investigate VHE cosmic rays (CRs) in this class of objects which are the largest gravitationally bound systems in the Universe. HESS, an array of four imaging atmospheric cherenkov telescopes (IACT), was used to observe the targets in the range of VHE gamma rays. No significant gamma-ray signal is found at the respective position of the two clusters with several different source size assumptions for each target. In particular, emission regions corresponding to the high-density core, to the extension of the entire X-ray emission in these clusters, and to the very extended region where the accretion shock is expected are investigated. Upper limits are derived for the gamma-ray flux at energies E>570GeV for Abell 496 and E>460GeV for Abell 85. From the non-detection in VHE gamma rays, upper limits on the total energy of hadronic CRs in the clusters are calculated. If the cosmic-ray energy density follows the large-scale gas density profile, the limit on the fraction of energy in these non-thermal particles with respect to the total thermal energy of the intra-cluster medium (ICM) is 51% for Abell 496 and only 8% for Abell 85 due to its higher mass and higher gas density. These upper limits are compared with theoretical estimates. They predict about ∼10% of the thermal energy of the ICM in non-thermal particles. The observations presented here can constrain these predictions especially for the case of the Abell 85 cluster.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: clusters: individual: Abell 496 - galaxies: clusters: individual: Abell 85 - gamma rays: observations

Simbad objects: 6

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Number of rows : 6
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 ACO 85 ClG 00 41 37.8 -09 20 33           ~ 816 0
2 ACO 426 ClG 03 19 47.2 +41 30 47           ~ 2026 1
3 ACO 496 ClG 04 33 30.3838 -13 14 21.584           ~ 667 2
4 ACO 521 ClG 04 54 08.6 -10 14 39           ~ 218 0
5 M 1 SNR 05 34 31.94 +22 00 52.2           ~ 5764 4
6 ACO 2029 ClG 15 10 58.7 +05 45 42           ~ 880 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2021.07.29-23:59:18

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