2011A&A...535A...4R


Query : 2011A&A...535A...4R

2011A&A...535A...4R - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 535A, 4-4 (2011/11-1)

Observational constraints on the redshift evolution of X-ray scaling relations of galaxy clusters out to z ∼ 1.5.

REICHERT A., BOEHRINGER H., FASSBENDER R. and MUEHLEGGER M.

Abstract (from CDS):

A precise understanding of the relations between observable X-ray properties of galaxy clusters and cluster mass is a vital part of the application of X-ray galaxy cluster surveys to test cosmological models. An understanding of how these relations evolve with redshift is just emerging from a number of observational data sets. The current literature provides a diverse and inhomogeneous picture of scaling relation evolution. We attempt to transform these results and the data on recently discovered distant clusters into an updated and consistent framework, and provide an overall view of scaling relation evolution from the combined data sets. We study in particular the most important scaling relations connecting X-ray luminosity, temperature, and cluster mass (M-T, LX-T, and M-LX) combining 14 published data sets supplemented with recently published data of distant clusters and new results from follow-up observations of the XMM-Newton Distant Cluster Project (XDCP) that adds new leverage to efficiently constrain the scaling relations at high redshift. We find that the evolution of the mass-temperature relation is consistent with the self-similar evolution prediction, while the evolution of X-ray luminosity for a given temperature and mass for a given X-ray luminosity is slower than predicted by simple self-similar models. Our best fit results for the evolution factor E(z)α are α=-1.04±0.07 for the M-T relation, α=-0.23+0.12–0.62 for the L-T relation, and α=-0.93+0.62–0.12 for the M-LX relation. We also explore the influence of selection effects on scaling relations and find that selection biases are the most likely reason for apparent inconsistencies between different published data sets. The new results provide the currently most robust calibration of high-redshift cluster mass estimates based on X-ray luminosity and temperature and help us to improve the prediction of the number of clusters to be found in future galaxy cluster X-ray surveys, such as eROSITA. The comparison of evolution results with hydrodynamical cosmological simulations suggests that early preheating of the intracluster medium (ICM) provides the most suitable scenario to explain the observed evolution.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): X-rays: galaxies: clusters - galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium - cosmology: observations

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/A+A/535/A4): tablea1.dat refs.dat>

Simbad objects: 225

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Number of rows : 225
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 ACO 2717 ClG 00 03 12.9 -35 56 13           ~ 128 0
2 ACO 2700 ClG 00 03 49.7 +02 03 59           ~ 80 0
3 ACO 2721 ClG 00 06 14.5 -34 42 51           ~ 86 0
4 ACO 2744 ClG 00 14 20.03 -30 23 17.8           ~ 605 0
5 ClG 0016+16 ClG 00 18 33.3 +16 26 36           ~ 481 0
6 ACO 22 ClG 00 20 34.8 -25 41 51           ~ 96 0
7 ZwCl 0024+1652 ClG 00 26 36.0 +17 08 36     18.35     ~ 611 1
8 ACO 68 ClG 00 37 06.2 +09 09 33           ~ 167 0
9 ACO 85 ClG 00 41 37.8 -09 20 33           ~ 816 0
10 ACO 2813 ClG 00 43 27.8821 -20 37 01.282           ~ 77 0
11 ClG J0046+8530 ClG 00 46 17.83 +85 31 09.5           ~ 14 0
12 ACO S 84 ClG 00 49 23.2 -29 31 33           ~ 78 0
13 ACO 115 ClG 00 55 59.5 +26 19 14           ~ 243 1
14 ACO 133 ClG 01 02 39.0 -21 57 15           ~ 346 1
15 ACO 209 ClG 01 31 57.5 -13 34 35           ~ 260 0
16 SPT-CL J0145-5301 CGG 01 45 03.60 -53 01 23.4           ~ 43 0
17 ClG J0152-1358 ClG 01 52 41.3 -13 58 13           ~ 245 3
18 ACO 267 ClG 01 52 41.96 +01 00 25.6           ~ 207 0
19 ACO 2984 ClG 02 11 27 -40 16.9           ~ 47 0
20 RXC J0220.9-3829 ClG 02 20 56.8 -38 29 02           ~ 19 0
21 ACT-CL J0221.7-0346 ClG 02 21 45.8 -03 46 08           ~ 40 0
22 2XLSSd J022206.8-030314 ClG 02 22 06.85 -03 03 14.5           ~ 16 0
23 XLSSU J022210.7-024048 ClG 02 22 10.7 -02 40 48           ~ 6 0
24 XLSSC 046 ClG 02 23 03.0 -04 36 22           ~ 36 0
25 [RRB2014] RM J022358.0-043504.8 ClG 02 23 57.4 -04 35 17           ~ 18 0
26 XMMXCS J022401.1-050542.2 ClG 02 24 00.6 -05 05 25           ~ 22 0
27 2XLSSd J022404.2-041331 ClG 02 24 04.19 -04 13 26.6           ~ 40 0
28 ClG J0224-0002 ClG 02 24 34.10 -00 02 30.9           ~ 48 1
29 XMMXCS J0224.9-0348 ClG 02 24 57.1 -03 48 53           ~ 27 0
30 BAX 036.2925-29.4731 ClG 02 25 08.6 -29 28 34           ~ 30 0
31 RzCS 262 ClG 02 25 24.6 -04 40 45       17.3   ~ 34 0
32 2XLSSd J022532.3-035512 ClG 02 25 32.48 -03 55 09.5           ~ 15 0
33 XLSSU J022540.6-031121 ClG 02 25 40.6 -03 11 21           ~ 16 0
34 RzCS 119 ClG 02 27 09.7 -04 18 05           ~ 30 1
35 2XLSSd J022722.4-032145 ClG 02 27 22.39 -03 21 39.2           ~ 24 0
36 2XLSSd J022738.1-031802 ClG 02 27 38.20 -03 17 56.9           ~ 21 0
37 RzCS 185 ClG 02 28 03.4 -04 51 03           ~ 24 0
38 2MAXI J0231-440 ClG 02 32 18.69 -44 20 41.5           ~ 85 0
39 ACO 368 ClG 02 37 24.65 -26 30 01.8           ~ 27 0
40 ACO 370 ClG 02 39 50.5 -01 35 08           ~ 654 0
41 ACO 383 ClG 02 48 06.9 -03 29 32           ~ 312 0
42 ACO 401 ClG 02 58 56.9 +13 34 56           ~ 528 0
43 ACO 3084 ClG 03 04 04.6162 -36 55 09.784           ~ 25 0
44 RXC J0303.7-7752 ClG 03 04.2 -77 53           ~ 20 0
45 2E 714 SCG 03 05 19.0 +17 28 38     21.00     ~ 55 0
46 ClG 0303+1658 ClG 03 05 31.6 +17 10 02     20.13     ~ 90 0
47 ACO 3088 ClG 03 07 02.12 -28 39 57.3           ~ 63 0
48 ACO 3112 ClG 03 17 52.4 -44 14 35           ~ 292 1
49 ClG J0329-0212 ClG 03 29 41.6 -02 11 47           ~ 116 0
50 ACO S 384 ClG 03 45 45.0 -41 10 42           ~ 33 0
51 1RXS J040438.5+110921 ClG 04 04 37.4 +11 09 57           ~ 30 0
52 ACO 478 ClG 04 13 20.7 +10 28 35           ~ 478 0
53 RXC J0417.5-1154 ClG 04 17 34.6 -11 54 32           ~ 65 0
54 ACO 3266 ClG 04 31 11.9 -61 24 23           ~ 379 0
55 1RXS J043709.8+004337 ClG 04 37 12.0820 +00 43 37.737           ~ 38 0
56 RX J0439.0+0715 ClG 04 39 00.7 +07 15 45           ~ 55 0
57 BAX 069.7593+05.3453 ClG 04 39 02.2 +05 20 43           ~ 71 0
58 ACO 521 ClG 04 54 08.6 -10 14 39           ~ 218 0
59 ClG 0451-03 ClG 04 54 10.9 -03 01 07     20.0     ~ 334 0
60 ACO 520 ClG 04 54 19.0 +02 56 49           ~ 396 0
61 ClG J0505+2849 ClG 05 05.3 +28 49           ~ 2 0
62 LCS-CL J050921-5342.2 ClG 05 09 21.40 -53 42 12.3           ~ 47 0
63 ACO S 520 ClG 05 16 37.40 -54 30 01.5           ~ 78 0
64 SPT-CL J0528-5300 ClG 05 28 05.30 -52 59 52.8           ~ 41 0
65 RXC J0528.9-3927 ClG 05 28 56.2 -39 27 49           ~ 55 0
66 RXC J0532.9-3701 ClG 05 32 56.4 -37 01 34           ~ 38 0
67 SPT-CL J0533-5005 ClG 05 33 37 -50 05.8           ~ 28 0
68 ClG J0542-4100 ClG 05 42 49.9 -40 59 58           ~ 55 0
69 1RXS J054638.7-534434 ClG 05 46 35.0 -53 46 04           ~ 71 0
70 ACO 3364 ClG 05 47 36.1753 -31 52 22.695           ~ 64 0
71 SPT-CL J0551-5709 ClG 05 51 36.000 -57 09 22.00           ~ 31 0
72 SPT-CL J0559-5249 ClG 05 59 43.20 -52 49 27.1           ~ 43 0
73 ACO 3378 ClG 06 05 52.6923 -35 18 32.801           ~ 73 1
74 RXC J0616.8-4748 ClG 06 16 56.8320 -47 47 26.473           ~ 27 0
75 ACO S 592 ClG 06 38 49.40 -53 58 40.8           ~ 50 0
76 ACO 3404 ClG 06 45 29.50 -54 13 37.0           ~ 79 0
77 ClG J0647+7015 ClG 06 47 50.0 +70 14 55           ~ 131 0
78 ClG 0657-56 ClG 06 58 29.6 -55 56 39           ~ 839 1
79 ClG J0717+3745 ClG 07 17 36.50 +37 45 23.0           ~ 387 0
80 B3 0714+378 Rad 07 17 36.50 +37 45 23.0           ~ 169 2
81 3C 186 QSO 07 44 17.4723761217 +37 53 17.249506697   17.5 18.14 17.2   ~ 291 1
82 ClG J0744+3927 ClG 07 44 52.5 +39 27 30           ~ 166 0
83 2MASX J07473129-1917403 BiC 07 47 31.296 -19 17 40.34   19.60       ~ 398 1
84 ClG 0745-19 ClG 07 47 31.3 -19 17 40           ~ 366 0
85 ACO 611 ClG 08 00 58.7 +36 02 49           ~ 234 0
86 ACO 653 ClG 08 21 50.6 +01 11 49           ~ 34 0
87 XMMU J083026.2+524133 ClG 08 30 25.900 +52 41 28.40           ~ 12 0
88 ACO 665 ClG 08 30 45.2 +65 52 55           ~ 410 0
89 ACO 697 ClG 08 42 57.6 +36 21 45           ~ 224 0
90 ClG J0848+4453 ClG 08 48 34.800 +44 53 41.90           ~ 122 1
91 ClG J0848+4456 ClG 08 48 46.9 +44 56 22           ~ 60 1
92 ClG J0849+4452 ClG 08 48 56.3 +44 52 16           ~ 104 1
93 ZwCl 0847+3617 ClG 08 50 12.0 +36 03 36           ~ 61 0
94 ZwCl 0857+2107 ClG 09 00 37.9 +20 54 58           ~ 79 0
95 ClG J0910+5422 ClG 09 10 44.9 +54 22 09           ~ 87 0
96 ACO 773 ClG 09 17 51.3 +51 43 20           ~ 268 0
97 ACO 781 ClG 09 20 25.4 +30 30 07           ~ 133 0
98 ACO 868 ClG 09 45 28.1 -08 38 51           ~ 55 0
99 ZwCl 0947+1723 ClG 09 49 51.8 +17 07 05           ~ 64 0
100 ZwCl 0949+5207 ClG 09 52 49.1 +51 53 05           ~ 118 0
101 ACO 901 ClG 09 55 56.9256 -10 01 46.519           ~ 104 1
102 ACO 907 ClG 09 58 21.84 -11 03 47.5           ~ 117 0
103 XCLASS 495 ClG 10 07 50.50 +12 58 18.1           ~ 5 0
104 ZwCl 1006+1201 ClG 10 08 47.1 +11 47 55     18.0     ~ 66 0
105 MCXC J1008.7+5342 ClG 10 08 47.8 +53 42 03           ~ 7 0
106 ClG 1008-12 ClG 10 10 34.1 -12 39 48     18.0     ~ 147 0
107 ACO 963 ClG 10 17 09.6 +39 01 00           ~ 364 0
108 ZwCl 1021+0426 ClG 10 23 39.0 +04 11 14   15.6       ~ 262 0
109 ACO 1068 ClG 10 40 47.1 +39 57 19           ~ 191 0
110 ACO 1084 ClG 10 44 37.1 -07 04 47           ~ 69 0
111 ClG J1053+5735 ClG 10 53 43.4 +57 35 21           ~ 27 1
112 ClG 1054-03 ClG 10 57 00.2 -03 37 27     22     ~ 451 0
113 ClG J1103+3555 ClG 11 03 37.1 +35 55 18           ~ 10 0
114 RCS J1107-0523 ClG 11 07 22.8 -05 23 49           ~ 9 0
115 ClG J1113-2615 ClG 11 13 05.7 -26 15 36           ~ 34 0
116 2E 2425 ClG 11 14 17.0 -38 10 43     18.0     ~ 25 0
117 ClG J1120+4318 ClG 11 20 07.6 +43 18 07           ~ 55 0
118 ClG J1120+2326 ClG 11 20 57.9 +23 26 41           ~ 40 0
119 ACO 1300 ClG 11 32 00.7 -19 53 34           ~ 136 0
120 ClG 1137+66 ClG 11 40 23.3 +66 09 01     21.0     ~ 135 0
121 ACO 1348 ClG 11 41 24.0 -12 16 00           ~ 61 0
122 MCS J1149.5+2223 ClG 11 49 35.8 +22 23 55           ~ 351 0
123 ACO 1413 ClG 11 55 18.0 +23 24 19           ~ 390 0
124 ACO 1423 ClG 11 57 47.34 +33 42 43.5           ~ 149 0
125 MCS J1206.2-0847 ClG 12 06 12.2 -08 48 02           ~ 195 0
126 ClG J1221+4918 ClG 12 21 25.0 +49 18 07           ~ 56 0
127 ClG J1226+3332 ClG 12 26 57.7 +33 32 50           ~ 198 0
128 [SRG2009] 20010 GiC 12 29 29.448 +01 51 28.81           ~ 3 0
129 XDCP J1230.3+1339 ClG 12 30.3 +13 39           ~ 16 0
130 ZwCl 1231+1007 ClG 12 34 21.9 +09 47 02           ~ 59 0
131 ACO S 700 ClG 12 36 40 -33 54.5           ~ 28 0
132 ClG J1252-2927 ClG 12 52 54.4 -29 27 17           ~ 151 0
133 RX J1257.2+4738 ClG 12 57 12.20 +47 38 06.5           ~ 10 0
134 ACO 1663 ClG 13 02 52.55 -02 31 04.0           ~ 92 0
135 ACO 1682 ClG 13 06 49.7 +46 32 59           ~ 122 1
136 ACO 1689 ClG 13 11 29.5 -01 20 28           ~ 1047 0
137 ClG J1317+2911 ClG 13 17 21.70 +29 11 18.1           ~ 30 0
138 ACO 1722 ClG 13 20 08.3 +70 04 33           ~ 59 0
139 ACO 3558 ClG 13 27 54.8 -31 29 32           ~ 413 2
140 ACO 1758 ClG 13 32 32.1 +50 30 37           ~ 223 2
141 ZwCl 1332+5043 ClG 13 34 20.0 +50 30 54           ~ 37 0
142 ACO 1763 ClG 13 35 20.1 +41 00 04           ~ 275 0
143 BAX 205.7046+40.4697 ClG 13 42 49.1 +40 28 11           ~ 20 0
144 ClG J1342+2828 ClG 13 42.9 +28 28           ~ 3 0
145 ClG J1347-1145 ClG 13 47 33.5 -11 45 42           ~ 491 0
146 ACO 1795 ClG 13 49 00.5 +26 35 07           ~ 1187 0
147 ClG J1350+6007 ClG 13 50 48.55 +60 07 06.7           ~ 43 0
148 ClG J1354-0221 ClG 13 54 16.9 -02 21 47           ~ 42 0
149 ZwCl 1358+6245 ClG 13 59 54.3 +62 30 36     18.5     ~ 350 0
150 ACO 1835 ClG 14 01 02.07 +02 52 43.2           ~ 644 1
151 3C 295 Sy2 14 11 20.467 +52 12 09.52   22.34 20.80 18.54   ~ 919 5
152 ClG J1415+3611 ClG 14 15 11.1 +36 12 03           ~ 71 1
153 ClG J1416+4446 ClG 14 16 28.1 +44 46 38           ~ 44 0
154 ClG J1419+5326 ClG 14 19 10.3 +53 26 08           ~ 20 0
155 ClG J1423+2404 ClG 14 23 47.7 +24 04 40           ~ 184 0
156 ACO 1914 ClG 14 26 01.3 +37 49 36           ~ 282 0
157 ClG J1429+4241 ClG 14 29 06.4 +42 41 10           ~ 24 0
158 ISCS J143809+341419 ClG 14 38 08.71 +34 14 19.2           ~ 32 0
159 ACO 1983 ClG 14 52 44.0 +16 44 46           ~ 237 1
160 ACO 1995 ClG 14 52 55.0 +58 02 59           ~ 120 0
161 ACO 1991 ClG 14 54 30.2 +18 37 51           ~ 314 1
162 ZwCl 1455+2232 ClG 14 57 15.2 +22 20 30     18.62     ~ 273 0
163 ClG J1504-0248 ClG 15 04 07.4 -02 48 15           ~ 156 0
164 ACO 2034 ClG 15 10 10.80 +33 30 21.6           ~ 183 1
165 ACO 2029 ClG 15 10 58.7 +05 45 42           ~ 880 0
166 ACO 2050 ClG 15 16 21.6 +00 05 59           ~ 93 0
167 ACO 2051 ClG 15 16 53.8 -01 05 06           ~ 48 0
168 ClG J1524+0957 ClG 15 24 40.3 +09 57 35           ~ 58 0
169 BAX 233.1222+04.6817 ClG 15 32 29.3 +04 40 54     15.13     ~ 58 0
170 LEDA 1900245 Bla 15 32 53.780 +30 20 59.41   19.1   15.7   ~ 136 0
171 ACO 2111 ClG 15 39 40.9 +34 25 04           ~ 163 0
172 ACO 2125 ClG 15 41 14.1 +66 15 57           ~ 120 1
173 ACO 2142 ClG 15 58 20.00 +27 14 00.3           ~ 698 0
174 ClG 1559+6353 ClG 15 59 10.0 +63 53 06           ~ 10 0
175 ClG 1603+4313 ClG 16 04 23.7 +43 04 52           ~ 130 1
176 ACO 2163 ClG 16 15 34.1 -06 07 26           ~ 532 0
177 ClG J1620+2929 ClG 16 20 09.4 +29 29 26           ~ 18 0
178 ClG J1621+3810 ClG 16 21 25.5 +38 09 43           ~ 72 0
179 ClG 1621+26 ClG 16 23 35.7 +26 33 50           G0V 136 0
180 ACO 2204 ClG 16 32 45.7 +05 34 43           ~ 407 0
181 ACO 2218 ClG 16 35 54.0 +66 13 00           ~ 784 1
182 ACO 2219 ClG 16 40 22.1 +46 42 20           ~ 329 0
183 ClG J1641+4001 ClG 16 41 52.3 +40 01 29           ~ 37 0
184 ClG J1701+6421 ClG 17 01 48.77 +64 21 03.0           ~ 15 0
185 ACO 2244 ClG 17 02 34.01 +34 04 41.1           ~ 249 0
186 ACO 2256 ClG 17 03 43.5 +78 43 03           ~ 845 1
187 ACO 2255 ClG 17 12 50.04 +64 03 10.6           ~ 521 0
188 ClG J1716+6708 ClG 17 16 49.6 +67 08 30           ~ 133 0
189 ACO 2261 ClG 17 22 28.3 +32 09 13           ~ 303 0
190 ClG 1821+6827 ClG 18 21 33 +68 27.9           ~ 29 0
191 MCXC J2011.3-5725 ClG 20 11 26.8 -57 25 09           ~ 35 0
192 ACO 3667 ClG 20 12 33.68 -56 50 26.3           ~ 578 1
193 2MAXI J2014-244 ClG 20 14 49.7 -24 30 30           ~ 60 0
194 ACO S 868 ClG 20 23 00 -20 56.3           ~ 30 1
195 ACO 2328 ClG 20 48 13.9 -17 48 53           ~ 67 0
196 ClG 2053-04 ClG 20 56 21.2 -04 37 46   21.0       ~ 163 0
197 SPT-CL J2106-5844 ClG 21 06 04 -58 44.6           ~ 70 0
198 ClG J2129-0741 ClG 21 29 26.0 -07 41 28           ~ 144 0
199 ClG J2129+0005 ClG 21 29 40.5 +00 05 47           ~ 230 0
200 ACO 3771 ClG 21 29 47.7233 -50 46 37.428           ~ 40 0
201 ClG 2137-2353 ClG 21 40 12.8 -23 39 27     18.5     ~ 356 0
202 ACO 3814 ClG 21 49 07.24 -30 42 06.4           ~ 51 0
203 ACO 2390 ClG 21 53 34.6 +17 40 11           ~ 641 2
204 ACO 2399 ClG 21 57 27.64 -07 48 12.9           ~ 169 0
205 ClG J2215-1738 ClG 22 15 58.5 -17 38 03           ~ 93 0
206 ACO 3854 ClG 22 17 45.72 -35 43 31.4           ~ 59 0
207 ACO 3856 ClG 22 18 45.2 -38 53 57           ~ 71 2
208 BAX 337.1433+20.6131 ClG 22 28 37.1 +20 36 31           ~ 103 0
209 ACO 3888 ClG 22 34 23.0 -37 43 29           ~ 129 1
210 ClG J2235-2557 ClG 22 35 20.6 -25 57 42           ~ 140 0
211 RXC J2245.0+2637 ClG 22 45 04.5 +26 38 07           ~ 32 0
212 ACO 3921 ClG 22 49 38.6 -64 23 15           ~ 139 1
213 ClG J2302+0844 ClG 23 02 48.1 +08 43 50           ~ 40 0
214 ACO 2537 ClG 23 08 22.3 -02 11 29           ~ 116 0
215 RCS J2318+0034 ClG 23 18 30.670 +00 34 03.03           ~ 15 0
216 ACO 3992 ClG 23 19 41.8 -73 13 51           ~ 31 0
217 RCS J231948+0030.1 ClG 23 19 48 +00 30.1           ~ 8 1
218 ClG J2319+0038 ClG 23 19 53 +00 38.0           ~ 35 1
219 RCS J232002+0033.4 ClG 23 20 02 +00 33.4           ~ 7 1
220 ACO 2597 ClG 23 25 19.70 -12 07 27.7           ~ 506 0
221 SPT-CL J2331-5051 ClG 23 31 51 -50 51.9           ~ 40 0
222 SPT-CL J2337-5942 ClG 23 37 24 -59 42.4           ~ 36 0
223 ACO 2631 ClG 23 37 40.7 +00 16 35           ~ 145 0
224 SPT-CL J2341-5119 ClG 23 41 12.3 -51 19 43           ~ 35 0
225 ACO 2667 ClG 23 51 39.37 -26 05 02.7           ~ 157 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2021.07.30-13:53:48

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