2015A&A...574A.134V


Query : 2015A&A...574A.134V

2015A&A...574A.134V - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 574A, 134-134 (2015/2-1)

Herschel imaging of the dust in the Helix nebula (NGC 7293).

VAN DE STEENE G.C., VAN HOOF P.A.M., EXTER K.M., BARLOW M.J., CERNICHARO J., ETXALUZE M., GEAR W.K., GOICOECHEA J.R., GOMEZ H.L., GROENEWEGEN M.A.T., HARGRAVE P.C., IVISON R.J., LEEKS S.J., LIM T.L., MATSUURA M., OLOFSSON G., POLEHAMPTON E.T., SWINYARD B.M., UETA T., VAN WINCKEL H., WAELKENS C. and WESSON R.

Abstract (from CDS):

In our series of papers presenting the Herschel imaging of evolved planetary nebulae, we present images of the dust distribution in the Helix nebula (NGC 7293). Images at 70, 160, 250, 350, and 500µm were obtained with the PACS and SPIRE instruments on board the Herschel satellite. The broadband maps show the dust distribution over the main Helix nebula to be clumpy and predominantly present in the barrel wall. We determined the spectral energy distribution of the main nebula in a consistent way using Herschel, IRAS, and Planck flux values. The emissivity index of β=0.99±0.09, in combination with the carbon rich molecular chemistry of the nebula, indicates that the dust consists mainly of amorphous carbon. The dust excess emission from the central star disk is detected at 70µm and the flux measurement agrees with previous measurement. We present the temperature and dust column density maps. The total dust mass across the Helix nebula (without its halo) is determined to be 3.5x10–3M at a distance of 216pc. The temperature map shows dust temperatures between 22K and 42K, which is similar to the kinetic temperature of the molecular gas, confirming that the dust and gas co-exist in high density clumps. Archived images are used to compare the location of the dust emission in the far infrared (Herschel) with the ionized (GALEX and Hβ) and molecular (H2) component. The different emission components are consistent with the Helix consisting of a thick walled barrel-like structure inclined to the line of sight. The radiation field decreases rapidly through the barrel wall.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): planetary nebulae: individual: NGC 7293 - infrared: ISM - circumstellar matter

Simbad objects: 5

goto Full paper

goto View the references in ADS

Number of rows : 5
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 M 76 PN 01 42 19.6604707683 +51 34 31.553132974     17.48   17.69 DOZ 360 2
2 NGC 6445 PN 17 49 15.21 -20 00 34.5   18.9       ~ 285 0
3 M 57 PN 18 53 35.0969571234 +33 01 44.883146221   15.405 15.769 15.901 16.062 DA(O?) 798 2
4 M 27 PN 19 59 36.3632092274 +22 43 16.312364964   13.749 14.089 14.247 14.405 DAO.6 571 0
5 NGC 7293 PN 22 29 38.5453078023 -20 50 13.746093105 11.894 13.158 13.524 13.689 13.898 DAO.5 912 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

To bookmark this query, right click on this link: simbad:objects in 2015A&A...574A.134V and select 'bookmark this link' or equivalent in the popup menu


2021.07.28-19:00:30

© Université de Strasbourg/CNRS

    • Contact