2016A&A...586A..84S


Query : 2016A&A...586A..84S

2016A&A...586A..84S - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 586A, 84-84 (2016/2-1)

Gamma-ray spectroscopy of positron annihilation in the Milky Way.

SIEGERT T., DIEHL R., KHACHATRYAN G., KRAUSE M.G.H., GUGLIELMETTI F., GREINER J., STRONG A.W. and ZHANG X.

Abstract (from CDS):

The annihilation of positrons in the Galaxy's interstellar medium produces characteristic gamma-rays with a line at 511keV. This gamma-ray emission has been observed with the spectrometer SPI on ESA's INTEGRAL observatory, confirming a puzzling morphology with bright emission from an extended bulge-like region, while emission from the disk is faint. Most known or plausible sources of positrons are, however, believed to be distributed throughout the disk of the Milky Way. We aim to constrain characteristic spectral shapes for different spatial components in the disk and bulge using data with an exposure that has doubled since earlier reports. We exploit high-resolution gamma-ray spectroscopy with SPI on INTEGRAL based on a new instrumental background method and detailed multi-component sky model fitting. We confirm the detection of the main extended components of characteristic annihilation gamma-ray signatures, altogether at 58σ significance in the 511keV line. The total Galactic 511keV line intensity amounts to (2.74±0.25)x10–3ph/cm2/s for our assumed model of the spatial distribution. We derive spectra for the bulge and disk, and a central source modelled as point-like and at the position of Sgr A*, and discuss spectral differences. The bulge (56σ) shows a 511keV line intensity of (0.96±0.07)x10–3ph/cm2/s together with ortho-positronium continuum equivalent to a positronium fraction of (1.080±0.029). The two-dimensional Gaussian that represents the disk emission (12σ) has an extent of 60+10–5degrees in longitude and a rather large latitudinal extent of 10.5+2.5–1.5degrees; the line intensity is (1.66±0.35)x10–3ph/cm2/s with a marginal detection of the annihilation continuum and an overall diffuse Galactic continuum of (5.85±1.05)x10–5ph/cm2/s/keV at 511keV. The disk shows no flux asymmetry between positive and negative longitudes, although spectral details differ. The flux ratio between bulge and disk is (0.58±0.13). The central source (5σ) has an intensity of (0.80±0.19)x10–4ph/cm2/s.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): gamma rays: ISM - gamma rays: diffuse background - ISM: general - line: profiles - techniques: spectroscopic

Simbad objects: 10

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Number of rows : 10
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2021
#notes
1 M 31 G 00 42 44.330 +41 16 07.50 4.86 4.36 3.44     ~ 11375 1
2 V* CM Tau Psr 05 34 31.93830 +22 00 52.1758           ~ 4908 1
3 M 1 SNR 05 34 31.94 +22 00 52.2           ~ 5764 4
4 NAME Great Annihilator LXB 17 43 54.83 -29 44 42.6           ~ 647 1
5 NAME Fermi Bubbles bub 17 45 -29.0           ~ 305 0
6 NAME Galactic Center gam 17 45 39.60213 -29 00 22.0000           ~ 12311 0
7 NAME Sgr A* X 17 45 40.03599 -29 00 28.1699           ~ 3685 3
8 HD 226868 HXB 19 58 21.6758193269 +35 12 05.782512305 9.38 9.72 8.91 8.42   O9.7Iabpvar 4022 0
9 V* V404 Cyg HXB 20 24 03.820 +33 52 01.90 14.50 14.20 12.7     K0IV 1134 0
10 NAME Galactic Bulge reg ~ ~           ~ 3630 0

    Equat.    Gal    SGal    Ecl

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2021.07.29-17:47:49

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