Polaris

Query : Polaris

Basic data :
* alf UMi -- Classical Cepheid Variable
Origin of the objects types :

(Ref) Object type as listed in the reference "Ref"
(acronym) Object type linked to the acronym according to the original reference
() Anterior to 2007, before we can link the objet type to a reference, or given by the CDS team in some particular cases

Other object types:
* (*,AG,...), ** (**,ADS,...), SB* (SBC7,SBC9), V* (V*,AAVSO), IR (IRAS,2MASS), cC* (2019Sci), UV (TD1)
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
ICRS coord. (ep=J2000) :
02 31 49.09456 +89 15 50.7923 (Optical) [ 1.14 0.97 90 ] A 2007A&A...474..653V
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
FK5 coord. (ep=J2000 eq=2000) :
02 31 49.20658 +89 15 50.7872 [ 1.14 0.97 90 ]
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
FK4 coord. (ep=B1950 eq=1950) :
01 48 47.87574 +89 01 43.6298 [ 1.14 0.97 90 ]
Syntax of coordinates is : "ra dec (wtype) [error ellipse] quality bibcode" :
  • ra dec : right ascension and declination (unit and frame defined according to your Output Options)
    Grey values are increasing the original precision due to the computation of frame transformations
  • (wtype) : wavelength class for the origin of the coordinates (Rad, mm, IR, Optical, UV, Xray, Gam)
  • [error ellipse] : measurement uncertainty, on (ra,dec) if the positional angle is 90 degrees, on (majaxis,minaxis) otherwise (in mas at defined epoch in the original catalogue),
    position angle (in degrees North celestial pole to East)
  • quality : flag of quality
    • E ≥ 10"
    • D : 1-10" (and some old data)
    • C : 0.1-1"
    • B : 0.01-0.1" + 2MASS, Tyc
    • A : VLBI, Hipparcos
  • bibcode : bibcode of the coordinates reference
Gal coord. (ep=J2000) :
123.28054967 +26.46139598 [ 1.14 0.97 90 ]
Syntax of proper motions is : "pm-ra pm-dec [error ellipse] quality bibcode"
  • pm-ra : mu-ra*cos(dec) (expressed in the ICRS system in mas/yr)
  • pm-dec : mu-dec (expressed in the ICRS system in mas/yr)
  • [error ellipse] : error major axis and minor axis (in mas), orientation angle (in deg)
  • quality : flag of quality (A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the proper motion reference
Proper motions mas/yr :
44.48 -11.85 [0.11 0.13 0] A 2007A&A...474..653V
Syntax of radial velocity (or/and redshift) is : "value [error] (wavelength) quality bibcode"
  • value : radial velocity or/and redshift (Heliocentric frame) according to your Output Options
    (redshift may be not displayed if the data value is <0 and the database inside value is a radial velocity)
  • [error] : error of the corresponding value displayed before
  • (wavelength) : wavelength range of the measurement : Rad, mm, IR, Opt, UV, Xray, Gam or  '∼'(unknown)
  • quality : flag of quality ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • bibcode : bibcode of the value's origin
Radial velocity / Redshift / cz :
V(km/s) -16.42 [0.03] / z(~) -0.000055 [0.000000] / cz -16.42 [0.03]
   A 2004A&A...424..727P
Syntax of parallax is : 'value quality [error] bibcode'
  • value : parallax value
  • quality : flag of quality (A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • [error] : mean error
  • bibcode : bibcode of the parallax reference
Parallaxes (mas):
7.54 [0.11] A 2007A&A...474..653V
Spectral type is made of 3 parts: %coding is composed of 4 parts :
  • the spectral type, which is made of a temperature class, eventually a luminosity class (roman number) and/or spectral peculiarities;
  • a quality letter: A=best quality→E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality %
  • a quality letter: A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality
  • bibcode : bibcode of the spectral type reference
Spectral type:
F8Ib C 1993ASPC...45...59L
Syntax of fluxes (or magnitudes) is : "filter-name (System) flux-value [error] quality MultVarFlags bibcode"
  • filter-name : U, B, V, R, I, G, J, H, K, u, g, r, i, z
  • (System) : may be AB (default is Vega)
  • flux-value : value of flux or magnitude
  • [error] : error value
  • quality : flag of quality of the flux value ( A=best quality -> E=worst quality, {� } =unknown quality)
  • MultVarFlags : Mult is zero or one char (J) for joined photometry ; Var can be zero or two chars (V[0-4])
  • bibcode : bibcode of the flux reference
Fluxes (8) :
U 3.00 [~] C 2002yCat.2237....0D
B 2.62 [~] C 2002yCat.2237....0D
V 2.02 [~] C 2002yCat.2237....0D
R 1.53 [~] C 2002yCat.2237....0D
I 1.22 [~] C 2002yCat.2237....0D
J 0.795 [0.238] D 2003yCat.2246....0C
H 0.46 [0.194] C 2003yCat.2246....0C
K 0.52 [~] C 2002yCat.2237....0D
SIMBAD within arcmin
', {sourceSize:12, color:'#30a090'})); aladin.on('objectClicked', function(object) { var objName=object.data.MAIN_ID; aladin.showPopup(object.ra,object.dec,'',''+ objName+''); });" title="Show Simbad objects"> Overlay Simbad points in this preview
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sedIcon
within arcsec The VizieR photometry tool allows for easy visualization of photometry points extracted around the Simbad position from photometry-enabled catalogues in VizieR.
The search radius has to be specified by the user. It is currently limited to a maximum of 30 arcsec. It depends mostly on the precision or quality of the coordinates (SIMBAD and VizieR catalogs), the resolution of the images from which the sources were extracted, source extent, and source crowding.
Suggestions are: crowded field: 0.5 to 1.5 arcsec, 3 arcsec otherwise; uncertain coordinates (SIMBAD quality E or coordinates without reference): 5 to 30 arsec (risky!).
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Some important notes on this object about identifications and objects associations.
notes:


The link on the acronym of the identifiers give access to the information for this acronym in the dictionary of nomenclature.
Identifiers (46) :
An access of full data is available using the icon Vizier near the identifier of the catalogue

* alf UMi GCRV 1037 NAME Lodestar TD1 835
* 1 UMi GEN# +1.00008890A NAME Polaris TIC 303256075
** WRH 39 GSC 04628-00237 NAME North Star TYC 4628-237-1
** STF 93A HD 8890 PLX 299 UBV 21589
ADS 1477 A HIC 11767 PLX 299.00 UBV M 8201
ADS 1477 AP HIP 11767 PMC 90-93 640 V* alf UMi
AG+89 4 HR 424 PPM 431 WDS J02318+8916Aa,Ab
BD+88 8 IDS 01226+8846 A ROT 3491 WDS J02318+8916A
CCDM J02319+8915A IRAS 01490+8901 SAO 308 WEB 2438
CSI+88 8 1 JP11 498 SBC7 51 AAVSO 0122+88
FK5 907 2MASS J02314822+8915503 SBC9 76
GC 2243 N30 381 SKY# 3738

References (82 between 2017 and 2022) (Total 645)
Simbad bibliographic survey began in 1850 for stars (at least bright stars) and in 1983 for all other objects (outside the solar system).
Follow new references on this object
                Reference summaries :

                from: to:

                 or select by : (not exhaustive, explanation here)


Collections of Measurements


velocities : 23    V* : 1    ROT : 2    Fe_H : 6    PLX : 3    PM : 4    MK : 4   

   

Warning : measurements from IRAS, IRC, SAO, CL.g (ACO), GJ have been removed
(they are still available using the icon Vizier near the identifier of the catalogue, or at the bottom of the page in the section "External links" to get the full data)

velocities (23)

 |typ|    Value    R   m.e.  |A (Nmes)|na,Q,dom ,   res    D| Obs.date | Rem.  |Or|     Reference     |
 ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 |v  |  -16.4                |  (    )|s , ,    ,           |          |       |  |1995A&AS..114..269D|
 

v* (1)

 |     vartyp     |    Vmax     p     Vmin    |   period   | epoch (JD)   |D/rt %|     reference     |
 -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 |DCEP            |                           |   3.971590 |              |      |2019Sci...365..478S|
 

rot (2)

 |  Vsini  [  err   ] (mes)|Q|     reference     |
 -------------------------------------------------
 |  17     [        ] (   )|D|1970CoKwa.189....0U|
 

fe_h (6)

 |Teff  log.g | Fe_H  c|CompStar |CatNo|     Reference     |
 -----------------------------------------------------------
 | 6072 1.95  | 0.05   |SUN      |     |1981IzKry..64....3B|
 

plx (3)

 |    plx    :    m.e     R |     reference     |
 ------------------------------------------------
 |   3.3     :   4.0        |1995GCTP..C......0V|
 

pm (4)

 |  pm-ra  [   m.e   ]|  pm-de  [   m.e   ]|syst|     reference     |
 --------------------------------------------------------------------
 |  +44.48 [    0.11 ]|  -11.85 [    0.13 ]|ICRS|2007A&A...474..653V|
 

mk (4)

 |ds/mss|           Spectral type            |     reference     |
 -----------------------------------------------------------------
m|P /   |F7 :IB-II SB,V                      |1960ApJ...131..330K|
 
Observing logs


herschel : 5    ISO : 2    IUE : 22   

   

Warning : measurements from IRAS, IRC, SAO, CL.g (ACO), GJ have been removed
(they are still available using the icon Vizier near the identifier of the catalogue, or at the bottom of the page in the section "External links" to get the full data)

herschel (5)

VI/139/herschel
Post annotation
Herschel Observation Log (Herschel Science Centre, 2013) [ReadMe+ftp]
The Herschel Observation Log (37093 rows)
img(gal)
start AladinLite
No object found around (ICRS) position 02:31:49.1+89:15:51

iso (2)

The 2 columns in color are computed by VizieR, and are not part of the original data.
Note: Quick-look images of the data, and specific documentation, are accessible by clicking on the TDT observation identifier
VI/111/isolog
Post annotation
ISO Observation Log (ISO Data Centre, 2004) [ReadMe+ftp]

*The ISO Observation Log[image] (36737 rows) (Note)
img(gal)
start AladinLite

Full _r TDT AOT minLam maxLam Target oStart oLen recno FOV RAJ2000 DEJ2000 cal ObsID abs PropID arcmin um um s s deg deg
1 0.007 08000130 SWS01 2.38 45.20 Alpha UMi 1996-02-05T04:17:47 1044 2514 33"x20" 037.9553 +89.2640 SPRICE + STARTYP1 2 0.009 36802830 SWS01 2.38 45.21 Alpha UMi 1996-11-19T02:41:29 1140 15464 33"x20" 037.9467 +89.2640 SPRICE + STARTYP1

iue (22)

 |Homogenized Name:  ComplID   |PROG |CL|D CAM IMAGE A| FES  MD|Obs.da  Time |ExpTim|m|CEB|S|      Comments      |F|     reference     |
 ---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
 |HD 8890         :            |SCRFG|41|L SWP 04747 S| 3633 FU|790325 011000|000780| |   |G|MAX DN > 255        |*|1996IUEML.C......0I|
 

External archives :

Archive data at HEASARC - High-Energy Astrophysics Science Archive Research Center

Data at NED - NASA/IPAC Extragalactic Database : Polaris

Search by coordinates in Vizier (radius: 5 arcsec)


Annotations :
Annotations allow a user to add a note or report an error concerning the astronomical object and its data. It requires registration to post a note. See description .
Please, have a look at Best practices. The list of all annotations to SIMBAD objects can be found here .

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2022.09.25-23:55:58

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