2018ApJ...859...73S


Query : 2018ApJ...859...73S

2018ApJ...859...73S - Astrophys. J., 859, 73-73 (2018/May-3)

Variability of red supergiants in M31 from the Palomar Transient Factory.

SORAISAM M.D., BILDSTEN L., DROUT M.R., BAUER E.B., GILFANOV M., KUPFER T., LAHER R.R., MASCI F., PRINCE T.A., KULKARNI S.R., MATHESON T. and SAHA A.

Abstract (from CDS):

Most massive stars end their lives as red supergiants (RSGs), a short-lived evolutionary phase when they are known to pulsate with varying amplitudes. The RSG period-luminosity (PL) relation has been measured in the Milky Way, the Magellanic Clouds and M33 for about 120 stars in total. Using over 1500 epochs of R-band monitoring from the Palomar Transient Factory survey over a five-year period, we study the variability of 255 spectroscopically cataloged RSGs in M31. We find that all RGSs brighter than MK ≃ -10 mag (log(L/L) > 4.8) are variable at ΔmR > 0.05 mag. Our period analysis finds 63 with significant pulsation periods. Using the periods found and the known values of MK for these stars, we derive the RSG PL relation in M31 and show that it is consistent with those derived earlier in other galaxies of different metallicities. We also detect, for the first time, a sequence of likely first-overtone pulsations. Comparison to stellar evolution models from MESA confirms the first-overtone hypothesis and indicates that the variable stars in this sample have 12 M < M < 24 M. As these RSGs are the immediate progenitors to Type II-P core-collapse supernovae (SNe), we also explore the implication of their variability in the initial-mass estimates for SN progenitors based on archival images of the progenitors. We find that this effect is small compared to the present measurement errors.

Abstract Copyright: © 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): galaxies: groups: individual: M31 - stars: massive - stars: oscillations - supergiants - surveys

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/ApJ/859/73): table1.dat>

Simbad objects: 251

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Number of rows : 251
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2024
#notes
1 2MASS J00395083+4053319 s*r 00 39 50.8386500352 +40 53 31.915405932   22.445 19.991 18.698 17.332 M1I 7 0
2 2MASS J00395095+4054225 s*r 00 39 50.9630812728 +40 54 22.434676632   21.605 19.527 18.321 17.074 M4I 5 0
3 2MASS J00395700+4101140 s*r 00 39 56.9949601752 +41 01 14.262660696   21.784 19.821 18.748 17.407 M0I 5 0
4 2MASS J00401517+4059477 s*r 00 40 15.177 +40 59 47.72   21.871 19.752 18.482 17.010 M3I 6 0
5 [MSL2009] J004015.86+405514.1 s*r 00 40 15.8404234776 +40 55 14.033368776 23.311 21.387 19.599 18.742 17.943 K2I 4 0
6 [M98a] M 31ob78-372 s*r 00 40 19.1252628024 +40 41 50.735294520   21.907 19.869 18.612 17.258 M2I 7 0
7 2MASS J00402389+4104583 s*r 00 40 23.8466246304 +41 04 58.433651220   21.535 19.705 18.766 17.638 K5I 4 0
8 2MASS J00402532+4046229 s*r 00 40 25.3464947040 +40 46 23.055991284 22.848 21.922 19.906 18.811 17.673 M0I 6 0
9 [M98a] M 31ob78-89 s*r 00 40 26.771 +40 43 46.39 23.379 21.274 19.206 18.004 16.642 M2.5I 8 0
10 2MASS J00402705+4037104 s*r 00 40 27.0541315056 +40 37 10.362163116 23.643 21.691 19.817 18.792 17.706 M1I 4 0
11 2MASS J00402736+4104448 s*r 00 40 27.3592885296 +41 04 44.756240592 22.185 20.987 18.851 17.585   M1I 6 0
12 2MASS J00402750+4107281 s*r 00 40 27.4427000472 +41 07 28.398016164 22.085 21.100 19.396 18.507 17.512 K5I 5 0
13 [M98a] M 31ob78-819 s*r 00 40 27.6833994696 +40 43 17.233199076   21.903 19.778 18.755 17.657 K5I 6 0
14 2MASS J00402905+4042099 s*r 00 40 29.0481194424 +40 42 09.873775908 22.855 21.556 19.622 18.625 17.480 M1I 6 0
15 2MASS J00403012+4044480 s*r 00 40 30.121 +40 44 48.01 22.870 21.493 19.773 18.849 17.912 K1I 5 0
16 2MASS J00403042+4102442 s*r 00 40 30.4327051680 +41 02 44.446122672   21.741 19.751 18.691 17.425 M1I 5 0
17 2MASS J00403063+4042460 s*r 00 40 30.6226208395 +40 42 46.074241573   21.416 19.285 17.951 16.417 M3I 9 0
18 2MASS J00403091+4043292 s*r 00 40 30.9076847923 +40 43 29.252043857   22.317 19.989 18.498 16.838 M2I 8 0
19 [BHG88] 40 1980 s*r 00 40 30.9831422736 +40 43 11.010031788 20.582 21.425 19.353 17.874 15.964 M0I 9 0
20 [MSL2009] J004031.18+403659.5 s*r 00 40 31.1605770816 +40 36 59.338829520 23.217 21.701 19.825 18.873 17.887 M0I 4 0
21 2MASS J00403192+4043128 s*r 00 40 31.9040458776 +40 43 12.918145872   21.842 19.961 18.852 17.531 M1I 5 0
22 2MASS J00403237+4045192 s*r 00 40 32.371 +40 45 19.21   21.873 19.847 18.648 17.296 M1I 6 0
23 2MASS J00403288+4101552 s*r 00 40 32.8892395632 +41 01 54.973911252   21.577 19.618 18.575 17.306 M3I 6 0
24 2MASS J00403355+4036473 s*r 00 40 33.5456735808 +40 36 47.375992116 20.971 20.273 18.443 17.527 16.638 K2I 8 0
25 2MASS J00403383+4046579 s*r 00 40 33.8207241288 +40 46 58.117303020 21.534 19.710 17.890 17.005 16.211 K2I 6 0
26 2MASS J00403492+4108194 s*r 00 40 34.9212583320 +41 08 19.217328972 23.048 21.163 19.304 18.429 17.522 K2I 5 0
27 GAPO 111 s*r 00 40 35.0648765208 +40 45 22.227424164 22.303 21.631 19.377 17.862 16.275 M2.5I 11 0
28 2MASS J00403513+4041050 s*r 00 40 35.1361274304 +40 41 05.086349196   22.175 19.991 18.756 17.267 M2I 6 0
29 2MASS J00404440+4044025 s*r 00 40 44.3975144544 +40 44 02.506612920   21.846 19.708 18.489 17.034 M1I 5 0
30 2MASS J00404688+4052529 s*r 00 40 46.8709374312 +40 52 52.879073628   21.864 19.846 18.784 17.654 M0I 5 0
31 2MASS J00404720+4044453 s*r 00 40 47.2107035376 +40 44 45.429426528   21.715 19.332 17.854 16.562 M2I 9 0
32 2MASS J00404780+4109363 s*r 00 40 47.8050092856 +41 09 36.316840860 22.427 21.563 19.689 18.197 16.574 M3I 7 0
33 2MASS J00404782+4056024 s*r 00 40 47.8309210992 +40 56 02.418684972 22.535 22.336 19.690 18.260 16.931 K2-K3I 5 0
34 [MSL2009] J004047.91+405240.8 s*r 00 40 47.9049975960 +40 52 40.631921652 22.125 21.636 19.887 19.020 18.174 K2I 5 0
35 2MASS J00405229+4043564 s*r 00 40 52.2921386232 +40 43 56.099891676 22.593 21.792 19.824 18.654 17.408 K1I 5 0
36 2MASS J00405929+4036009 s*r 00 40 59.2878791592 +40 36 00.941722848 21.490 21.465 19.073 18.019 16.989 M0I 5 0
37 2MASS J00405948+4045425 s*r 00 40 59.4921279312 +40 45 42.587729460   21.218 18.712 17.357 15.989 M0I 8 0
38 2MASS J00410101+4035058 s*r 00 41 01.0100325744 +40 35 05.925689412   21.642 19.310 18.000 16.683 M3I 8 0
39 2MASS J00410353+4107500 s*r 00 41 03.5368943256 +41 07 49.949289876 23.442 21.695 19.678 18.463 17.051 M2I 6 0
40 2MASS J00410716+4116360 s*r 00 41 07.167 +41 16 36.02 22.965 20.748 18.618 17.486 16.189 M1I 7 0
41 2MASS J00410839+4106553 s*r 00 41 08.3979785928 +41 06 55.325201472 23.359 22.072 19.858 18.423 16.775 M3I 7 0
42 2MASS J00411227+4038355 s*r 00 41 12.277 +40 38 35.55   21.591 19.765 18.843 17.831 M0I 4 0
43 2MASS J00411236+4109185 s*r 00 41 12.3645561960 +41 09 18.496171692   22.121 19.948 18.665 17.234 M2I 6 0
44 [MSL2009] J004113.64+411318.7 s*r 00 41 13.6207702584 +41 13 18.691792032 23.367 21.456 19.726 18.834 18.061 K2I 5 0
45 2MASS J00411415+4037596 s*r 00 41 14.1679458216 +40 37 59.730960396 22.722 22.073 19.800 18.278 16.549 M0I 6 0
46 2MASS J00411419+4117326 s*r 00 41 14.2192379088 +41 17 32.528772276   21.809 19.739 18.704 17.533 M1I 5 0
47 2MASS J00411497+4117088 s*r 00 41 14.9899131720 +41 17 08.932534980 22.599 21.374 19.500 18.497 17.382 M0I 5 0
48 LGGS J004115.35+405025.2 s*r 00 41 15.3403954536 +40 50 24.854571096 22.798 21.204 19.210 18.332 17.540 K1I 6 1
49 2MASS J00411828+4049398 s*r 00 41 18.2869203144 +40 49 39.968585616 22.871 21.522 19.492 18.123 16.641 M2I 7 0
50 2MASS J00412024+4038379 s*r 00 41 20.2467256224 +40 38 37.964640768 23.129 20.897 18.884 17.639 16.259 M2-M1I 7 0
51 2MASS J00412093+4041252 s*r 00 41 20.9424237528 +40 41 25.250158968   22.511 19.968 18.543 16.909 M3I 6 0
52 2MASS J00412097+4049022 s*r 00 41 20.9823010440 +40 49 02.139567204   22.033 19.995 18.871 17.747 K5I 4 0
53 2MASS J00412141+4034125 s*r 00 41 21.4161920832 +40 34 12.509061816   21.224 19.167 18.023 16.769 M1I 5 0
54 2MASS J00412247+4113130 s*r 00 41 22.4648286072 +41 13 12.882838836   21.931 19.996 18.707 17.258 M2I 6 0
55 2MASS J00412413+4034450 s*r 00 41 24.1600996464 +40 34 45.122567304   21.725 19.768 18.734 17.674 K5I 4 0
56 2MASS J00412479+4116346 s*r 00 41 24.7980105912 +41 16 34.604616180 21.774 21.637 19.725 18.168 16.330 M2I 6 0
57 2MASS J00412480+4112062 s*r 00 41 24.7983208968 +41 12 06.089195520   22.141 19.523 17.993 16.471 M2I 7 0
58 2MASS J00412517+4112145 s*r 00 41 25.1719106496 +41 12 14.444883648   22.223 19.888 18.560 17.187 M1I 5 0
59 2MASS J00412521+4112089 s*r 00 41 25.2141717624 +41 12 08.856707328   21.635 19.069 17.592 16.065 M0I 6 0
60 2MASS J00412571+4112128 s*r 00 41 25.7035283238 +41 12 12.678639233   22.165 19.363 17.890 16.437 M2I 7 0
61 2MASS J00412586+4120414 s*r 00 41 25.8054952416 +41 20 41.099293680   21.655 19.827 18.964 18.110 K1I 5 0
62 2MASS J00412680+4112325 s*r 00 41 26.7956052000 +41 12 32.327911512 23.316 21.245 19.219 18.161 17.083 M1I 7 0
63 2MASS J00413009+4108231 s*r 00 41 30.0686347824 +41 08 23.110539540   21.706 19.809 18.866 17.969 K2I 5 0
64 2MASS J00413343+4037206 s*r 00 41 33.432 +40 37 20.65   21.956 19.775 18.615 17.165 M3I 6 0
65 2MASS J00413349+4041317 s*r 00 41 33.5074842504 +40 41 31.758127152 22.376 21.723 19.806 18.736 17.457 M1I 4 0
66 [MSL2009] J004136.39+411424.9 s*r 00 41 36.3952907760 +41 14 24.841087800 21.879 21.044 19.406 18.527 17.648 K2I 5 0
67 [MSL2009] J004143.10+405432.0 s*r 00 41 43.10 +40 54 32.0 21.966 21.268 19.629 18.733 18.202 M0I 4 0
68 2MASS J00414463+4054466 s*r 00 41 44.6405451120 +40 54 46.640422404   21.939 19.719 18.388 16.838 M2I 6 0
69 2MASS J00414724+4115377 s*r 00 41 47.2402106112 +41 15 37.682488584   21.648 19.439 18.069 16.400 M2I 7 0
70 2MASS J00414871+4108430 s*r 00 41 48.7241743248 +41 08 42.941176872   21.822 19.543 17.976 16.305 M2I 9 0
71 2MASS J00414915+4110249 s*r 00 41 49.1495078040 +41 10 24.817073520   21.841 19.626 18.260 16.562 M0I 6 0
72 2MASS J00414930+4127187 s*r 00 41 49.3013569848 +41 27 18.850558788 23.468 21.724 19.780 18.682 17.420 M1I 5 0
73 2MASS J00415086+4042350 s*r 00 41 50.8739721504 +40 42 35.006133240 23.092 21.517 19.626 18.682 17.689 K2I 4 0
74 2MASS J00415541+4057167 s*r 00 41 55.413 +40 57 16.77   21.667 19.815 18.759 17.541 K2I 4 0
75 2MASS J00415867+4108335 s*r 00 41 58.6625883312 +41 08 33.627410160   21.865 19.717 18.478 17.169 K5-M0I 5 0
76 2MASS J00421047+4055269 s*r 00 42 10.477 +40 55 26.99 22.257 21.430 19.484 18.248 16.769 M1I 5 0
77 2MASS J00421162+4050176 s*r 00 42 11.6255318352 +40 50 17.618223840   21.780 19.678 18.456 17.064 M2I 6 0
78 2MASS J00421371+4125246 s*r 00 42 13.7224289088 +41 25 24.650133168 23.214 21.903 19.986 18.712 17.207 M3I 6 0
79 2MASS J00421604+4115532 s*r 00 42 16.0620541752 +41 15 53.218202184 20.456 19.952 18.210 17.327 16.470 K1I 9 0
80 [MSL2009] J004217.99+410912.7 s*r 00 42 17.9707302768 +41 09 12.667001652 23.022 21.375 19.525 18.620 17.760 K2I 5 0
81 2MASS J00421889+4047542 s*r 00 42 18.8961320928 +40 47 54.258104940 23.332 21.184 19.157 18.051 16.851 M1I 5 0
82 2MASS J00421925+4051160 s*r 00 42 19.2514445952 +40 51 16.060040244   21.562 19.133 17.778 16.420 M2I 7 0
83 2MASS J00422034+4047515 s*r 00 42 20.3388898344 +40 47 51.708148872 23.212 21.181 19.214 18.248 17.259 K5I 5 0
84 2MASS J00422134+4047346 s*r 00 42 21.3407191272 +40 47 34.636030836 23.263 21.122 19.061 18.017 16.997 M1I 5 0
85 LGGS J004228.99+412029.7 s?r 00 42 28.9810022496 +41 20 29.635621764 22.312 21.412 19.713 18.836 18.101 G-K 5 0
86 2MASS J00423030+4056238 s*r 00 42 30.3106646856 +40 56 23.911337112 22.197 21.458 19.528 18.283 16.785 M1I 5 0
87 2MASS J00423325+4052334 s*r 00 42 33.250 +40 52 33.46 22.937 21.719 19.904 18.900 17.660 K5I 4 0
88 2MASS J00423363+4054052 s*r 00 42 33.6320946840 +40 54 04.908208392   21.798 19.754 18.599 17.151 M2I 5 0
89 2MASS J00423427+4101534 s*r 00 42 34.2696762528 +41 01 53.269860180 22.016 21.682 19.790 18.857 17.991 K1I 4 0
90 2MASS J00423588+4054417 s*r 00 42 35.8902890304 +40 54 41.926628592 24.368 21.886 19.577 18.213 16.578 M1I 6 0
91 AP J00423610+4117355 s?r 00 42 36.19 +41 17 35.1 19.995 21.532 19.391 18.476   ~ 5 0
92 2MASS J00424226+4144087 s*r 00 42 42.2524897368 +41 44 08.505751956   21.784 19.661 18.591 17.584 K5I 5 0
93 2MASS J00424298+4101447 s*r 00 42 43.0052268408 +41 01 44.910109164 23.652 22.055 19.919 18.738 17.491 M1I 4 0
94 M 31 AGN 00 42 44.330 +41 16 07.50 4.86 4.36 3.44     ~ 12559 1
95 2MASS J00424450+4103450 s*r 00 42 44.5095005688 +41 03 45.009527904 22.382 22.363 19.635 18.097 16.661 M2I 8 0
96 2MASS J00424913+4152440 s*r 00 42 49.1829652512 +41 52 44.155793784   21.054 19.316 18.359 17.491 K2-K3I 4 0
97 [MSL2009] J004249.83+412514.4 s*r 00 42 49.7905889376 +41 25 14.397608640 22.584 21.503 19.796 18.933 18.051 K2I 5 0
98 2MASS J00425067+4123286 s*r 00 42 50.6667423720 +41 23 29.189203080   21.623 19.810 18.809 17.756 K2I 5 0
99 2MASS J00425140+4115408 GlC 00 42 51.4256716296 +41 15 40.646673648 19.82 18.666 17.561 16.886 16.52 ~ 30 0
100 2MASS J00425206+4145159 s*r 00 42 52.0853588088 +41 45 16.192860300   21.592 19.728 18.737 17.715 K5I 5 0
101 2MASS J00425249+4142151 s*r 00 42 52.49 +41 42 15.1   21.133 19.371 18.441 17.607 K2I 6 0
102 2MASS J00425278+4056271 s*r 00 42 52.7802038688 +40 56 27.305566008 23.009 20.911 18.704 17.531 16.289 M2I 6 0
103 2MASS J00425296+4138250 s*r 00 42 52.9586281200 +41 38 24.816984360   21.128 19.344 18.370 17.439 K2I 4 0
104 [MSL2009] J004253.25+411613.9 s*r 00 42 53.25 +41 16 13.9 19.145 21.891 19.980 19.079   K1I 5 0
105 2MASS J00425339+4100404 s*r 00 42 53.3943329064 +41 00 40.659776316 22.060 20.453 18.726 17.869 17.091 K1I 5 0
106 2MASS J00425574+4123001 s*r 00 42 55.7339126784 +41 23 00.310403220   21.734 19.814 18.560 17.073 K5I 6 0
107 2MASS J00425597+4048570 s*r 00 42 55.9685279232 +40 48 57.159588240 21.913 21.869 19.855 18.581 17.018 M2I 6 0
108 2MASS J00430042+4147097 s*r 00 43 00.4195770648 +41 47 09.867212844   21.753 19.724 18.709 17.622 M0I 5 0
109 2MASS J00430267+4143037 s*r 00 43 02.6673754680 +41 43 03.818022348   21.123 18.925 17.849 16.751 M0I 6 0
110 2MASS J00430462+4103482 s*r 00 43 04.6153862999 +41 03 48.291406232 21.925 21.599 19.523 18.062 16.414 M1I 8 0
111 2MASS J00430512+4135272 s*r 00 43 05.1441225816 +41 35 27.433993236   21.837 19.999 19.011 17.934 M0I 4 0
112 2MASS J00430576+4107423 s*r 00 43 05.7606368736 +41 07 42.394204380 21.842 21.217 18.901 17.624   M0I 9 0
113 2MASS J00430628+4102548 s*r 00 43 06.3125957304 +41 02 54.927463884 22.769 21.227 19.328 18.330 17.438 K1I 5 0
114 2MASS J00430659+4138061 s*r 00 43 06.5923628352 +41 38 06.201844908   22.381 19.906 18.251 16.595 M1I 7 0
115 2MASS J00431054+4102511 s*r 00 43 10.5290488056 +41 02 51.003234096 22.121 21.769 19.824 18.583 17.305 M1I 5 0
116 2MASS J00431071+4141475 s*r 00 43 10.7017469016 +41 41 47.726353284   21.496 19.472 18.359 17.193 K5I 5 0
117 2MASS J00431239+4137470 s*r 00 43 12.4016276328 +41 37 47.107863696 21.081 21.330 19.358 17.810 16.103 M2I 9 0
118 2MASS J00431344+4150445 s*r 00 43 13.4379310272 +41 50 44.634946704 21.892 20.905 18.938 17.973 16.995 M0I 6 0
119 2MASS J00431856+4054119 s*r 00 43 18.5484250776 +40 54 11.931113988   21.910 19.990 18.979 17.930 M0I 5 0
120 2MASS J00431984+4117598 s*r 00 43 19.8966777192 +41 17 59.770896684   21.688 19.982 19.055 18.096 K2I 5 0
121 2MASS J00432337+4117513 s*r 00 43 23.3742738624 +41 17 51.483779088 21.824 21.587 19.701 18.559 17.279 K5I 5 0
122 2MASS J00432517+4106058 s*r 00 43 25.1585560368 +41 06 05.825399220 22.338 21.989 19.979 18.576 16.842 M1I 6 0
123 2MASS J00432641+4138168 s*r 00 43 26.4173078856 +41 38 16.880247564 21.405 21.169 18.978 17.944 16.886 M1I 7 0
124 [MSL2009] J004328.00+414425.7 s*r 00 43 27.9967815624 +41 44 25.636821000   21.582 19.915 19.002 18.123 K2I 4 0
125 2MASS J00432869+4108164 s*r 00 43 28.6920010032 +41 08 16.304010180   21.750 19.812 18.754 17.434 M2I 6 0
126 2MASS J00432984+4152030 s*r 00 43 29.8436690448 +41 52 02.944590096 21.918 20.824 19.014 18.046 17.036 M1I 5 0
127 2MASS J00433008+4052581 s*r 00 43 30.0748577784 +40 52 58.085716980 23.406 21.145 19.212 18.135 16.851 M2I 10 0
128 2MASS J00433035+4128141 s*r 00 43 30.3608326440 +41 28 13.838716704   21.866 19.951 18.899 17.706 K5I 5 0
129 2MASS J00433434+4137151 s*r 00 43 34.3360423680 +41 37 15.242312280 22.154 21.672 19.908 18.991 18.117 K1I 5 0
130 2MASS J00433706+4153224 s*r 00 43 37.0611092496 +41 53 22.077455388   21.225 19.299 18.363 17.427 K2I 4 0
131 2MASS J00433797+4145405 s*r 00 43 37.9626942096 +41 45 40.425118992 20.638 21.811 19.980 18.901 18.395 K1I 8 0
132 2MASS J00433811+4153516 s*r 00 43 38.0999311080 +41 53 51.356970276   21.235 19.394 18.442 17.477 K5-M0I 4 0
133 2MASS J00434093+4149492 s*r 00 43 40.9329717288 +41 49 49.238246424   21.793 19.803 18.681 17.523 M0I 5 0
134 2MASS J00434237+4156580 s*r 00 43 42.3790094952 +41 56 58.032960540   21.443 19.454 18.338 17.132 M2I 5 0
135 2MASS J00434275+4114425 s*r 00 43 42.7480327104 +41 14 42.611985852   22.373 19.935 18.501 16.933 M1I 7 0
136 LGGS J004342.98+412850.0 s*r 00 43 42.98 +41 28 50.0 21.627 21.247 19.567 18.709 18.161 K1I 5 0
137 2MASS J00434475+4157277 s*r 00 43 44.7567141888 +41 57 27.722689668   21.456 19.557 18.541 17.424 M1I 5 0
138 2MASS J00434619+4115149 s*r 00 43 46.1811579312 +41 15 14.884544880 23.277 21.471 19.066 17.722 16.329 K5-M0I 7 0
139 2MASS J00434709+4115101 s*r 00 43 47.094 +41 15 10.13   22.009 19.956 18.849 17.692 K5I 5 0
140 2MASS J00434756+4110284 s*r 00 43 47.5477876776 +41 10 28.434966276   21.901 19.739 18.474 16.899 M1I 6 0
141 2MASS J00435064+4114563 s*r 00 43 50.649 +41 14 56.36 22.690 21.713 19.868 18.817 17.728 K5I 5 0
142 2MASS J00435235+4110166 s*r 00 43 52.3438090224 +41 10 16.558993848 22.967 21.572 19.653 18.609 17.359 K5I 6 0
143 2MASS J00435393+4152017 s*r 00 43 53.9341945848 +41 52 01.917709932   21.447 19.367 18.327 17.287 M0I 6 0
144 2MASS J00435402+4117417 s*r 00 43 54.0191662872 +41 17 41.869685976 22.070 21.345 19.589 18.615 17.613 K5I 5 0
145 2MASS J00435450+4111082 s*r 00 43 54.5019785232 +41 11 08.240114148   22.090 19.913 18.561 16.918 M3I 7 0
146 2MASS J00435962+4126191 s*r 00 43 59.6396090784 +41 26 19.128408972 22.226 21.232 19.378 18.338 17.126 K4-K5I 5 0
147 2MASS J00440174+4156420 s*r 00 44 01.7394468960 +41 56 42.096822396   21.368 19.519 18.580 17.608 M0I 5 0
148 2MASS J00440280+4149217 s*r 00 44 02.8268498064 +41 49 21.840990744 21.099 21.635 19.836 18.859 17.886 K5I 5 0
149 [MSL2009] J004403.42+411623.5 s*r 00 44 03.42 +41 16 23.5 21.801 21.790 19.889 18.840 18.127 M1I 5 0
150 2MASS J00440655+4139445 s*r 00 44 06.5771092200 +41 39 44.647489548   21.815 19.921 18.896 17.752 M1I 4 0
151 Gaia DR3 369282598078900224 * 00 44 06.9099687840 +41 23 07.105405740           ~ 2 0
152 2MASS J00440840+4201428 s*r 00 44 08.3671605984 +42 01 42.906697032   21.613 19.699 18.726 17.742 M0I 4 0
153 [MSL2009] J004410.06+411803.4 s*r 00 44 10.0540776840 +41 18 03.298612032 21.913 21.496 19.784 18.913 18.090 K2I 4 0
154 2MASS J00441264+4139476 s*r 00 44 12.6491382192 +41 39 47.702207232   21.818 19.856 18.671 17.373 M2I 6 0
155 2MASS J00441451+4154454 s*r 00 44 14.5133342016 +41 54 45.584027388   21.701 19.786 18.663 17.462 M1I 6 0
156 2MASS J00441457+4148162 s*r 00 44 14.5816100064 +41 48 16.649989596   21.840 19.956 18.908 17.842 M0I 4 0
157 2MASS J00441513+4156405 s*r 00 44 15.1423481160 +41 56 40.519742244   21.285 19.102 17.788 16.316 M2I 8 0
158 [M98a] M 31ob8-112 s*r 00 44 15.4003061016 +41 34 09.313359384 21.649 21.535 19.540 18.526 17.612 K2I 14 1
159 2MASS J00441774+4200390 s*r 00 44 17.7455127336 +42 00 38.950272972   21.225 19.164 17.983 16.650 M1I 5 0
160 2MASS J00441896+4149339 s*r 00 44 18.9326587800 +41 49 34.056396660   21.742 19.773 18.671 17.475 M1I 5 0
161 2MASS J00442049+4146503 s*r 00 44 20.5004700288 +41 46 50.344885812   21.723 19.766 18.680 17.516 M1I 7 0
162 2MASS J00442316+4121079 s*r 00 44 23.1643666992 +41 21 07.689309624   21.703 19.756 18.607 17.526 K1I 5 0
163 2MASS J00442363+4122169 s*r 00 44 23.6386601712 +41 22 16.811106888   21.947 19.629 18.407 17.078 K5I 6 0
164 2MASS J00442382+4137493 s*r 00 44 23.8084241856 +41 37 49.659365640   21.798 19.853 18.796 17.657 K1I 4 0
165 2MASS J00442521+4132110 s*r 00 44 25.2119034480 +41 32 10.987119924   21.967 19.978 18.705 17.297 M1I 6 0
166 2MASS J00442575+4136594 s*r 00 44 25.7550340728 +41 36 59.471886456 21.478 21.451 19.400 18.398 17.363 K2I 6 0
167 2MASS J00442676+4120311 s*r 00 44 26.7705682512 +41 20 31.114539132 20.608 20.588 18.518 17.460 16.497 K5I 5 0
168 ATO J011.1170+41.9174 s*r 00 44 28.0811330826 +41 55 02.744208667 20.745 18.819 16.773 15.822   K2I 7 0
169 2MASS J00442845+4151306 s*r 00 44 28.4593313952 +41 51 30.694998636   20.696 18.272 16.899 15.466 M1I 9 0
170 2MASS J00442867+4206014 s*r 00 44 28.6795517856 +42 06 01.479405852 22.749 20.894 18.984 17.912 16.646 M0I 5 0
171 [MSL2009] J004429.87+415616.9 s*r 00 44 29.8289772048 +41 56 16.806254460   21.862 19.940 18.925 17.880 K5I 4 0
172 2MASS J00443246+4150335 s*r 00 44 32.4633445608 +41 50 33.645952320 22.151 20.745 18.955 18.096 17.287 K1I 4 0
173 2MASS J00444253+4126286 s*r 00 44 42.537 +41 26 28.67   21.427 19.524 18.480 17.341 M0I 5 0
174 2MASS J00444464+4208476 s*r 00 44 44.6412063480 +42 08 47.726726712 22.469 20.900 18.991 18.007 16.909 K5I 5 0
175 2MASS J00444489+4125299 s*r 00 44 44.9126165880 +41 25 30.210583620   21.848 19.929 18.828 17.554 M0I 4 0
176 2MASS J00444773+4130498 s*r 00 44 47.7376133208 +41 30 49.866444252   22.091 19.769 18.251 16.591 M3I 10 0
177 2MASS J00444986+4158554 s*r 00 44 49.8695963256 +41 58 55.583110632 22.915 20.891 19.007 17.944 16.727 M2I 6 0
178 2MASS J00445073+4202088 s*r 00 44 50.7328869000 +42 02 08.864324448 22.080 20.699 18.759 17.770 16.804 M0I 5 0
179 2MASS J00445174+4200056 s*r 00 44 51.7407067800 +42 00 05.799365568 22.550 20.813 18.851 17.594 16.134 M2I 7 0
180 2MASS J00445296+4154076 s*r 00 44 52.9679086608 +41 54 07.748213400   21.777 19.663 18.384 17.203 K2I 5 0
181 2MASS J00445433+4124414 s*r 00 44 54.3686942424 +41 24 41.383556244   21.592 19.551 18.487 17.354 M2I 5 0
182 2MASS J00445449+4130074 s*r 00 44 54.497 +41 30 07.42   21.827 19.668 18.296 16.821 M1I 6 0
183 2MASS J00445688+4151505 s*r 00 44 56.9022075648 +41 51 50.291447292 22.630 21.355 19.561 18.677 17.833 K3I 4 0
184 2MASS J00445787+4154046 s*r 00 44 57.8737910712 +41 54 04.563570276   21.685 19.574 18.372 17.053 M1I 6 0
185 2MASS J00445805+4130539 s*r 00 44 58.0493864328 +41 30 53.991414072 22.162 22.078 19.364 18.087 16.704 M1I 6 0
186 Gaia DR3 387321834380858112 * 00 44 58.4735349768 +42 12 19.115034336           ~ 2 0
187 2MASS J00450251+4129265 s*r 00 45 02.5126037352 +41 29 26.493708732   20.668 18.566 17.506 16.533 K2I 6 0
188 2MASS J00450260+4144083 s*r 00 45 02.6056085616 +41 44 08.199143448 22.396 21.593 19.511 18.365 17.030 M2I 6 0
189 2MASS J00450684+4134079 s*r 00 45 06.8491598448 +41 34 07.844236896 21.090 19.332 17.507 16.483 15.355 K1I 6 0
190 2MASS J00450786+4131088 s*r 00 45 07.8645362880 +41 31 08.826972204   21.335 19.142 18.012 16.757 M3I 7 0
191 2MASS J00450972+4159498 s*r 00 45 09.7192207104 +41 59 49.971400296 22.090 21.164 19.258 18.127 16.872 M2I 6 0
192 2MASS J00450975+4146509 s*r 00 45 09.7393305312 +41 46 51.102018912   21.579 19.433 18.360 17.305 M1I 4 0
193 2MASS J00450988+4138436 s*r 00 45 09.8814445824 +41 38 43.742872896   21.334 19.139 18.002 16.733 M1I 8 0
194 2MASS J00451183+4154337 s*r 00 45 11.8875814512 +41 54 33.737281236   21.848 19.993 18.961 17.807 M0I 5 0
195 2MASS J00451250+4158274 s*r 00 45 12.5004994440 +41 58 27.730579728   21.705 19.773 18.746 17.637 M1I 5 0
196 2MASS J00451278+4135598 s*r 00 45 12.786 +41 35 59.82   21.856 19.770 18.537 17.224 K1I 6 0
197 2MASS J00451466+4152106 s*r 00 45 14.6668633176 +41 52 10.541207208   21.892 19.902 18.728 17.391 M1I 5 0
198 2MASS J00451490+4137348 s*r 00 45 14.9133766656 +41 37 34.837033008   21.816 19.545 17.765 16.060 M1I 9 0
199 2MASS J00451493+4146256 s*r 00 45 14.9338012320 +41 46 25.434322464   21.631 19.689 18.552 17.376 M2I 6 0
200 [M98a] M 31ob48-120 s*r 00 45 17.2329982920 +41 39 48.076841196   21.683 19.438 18.171 16.615 M2.5I 10 0
201 2MASS J00451894+4207327 s*r 00 45 18.9582474888 +42 07 32.476242432   21.558 19.716 18.784 17.842 K2I 4 0
202 2MASS J00452065+4147171 s*r 00 45 20.6606079552 +41 47 17.143349676   20.813 18.136 16.583 15.272 M1I 8 0
203 2MASS J00452172+4142559 s*r 00 45 21.7293251280 +41 42 55.825842096   21.415 19.511 18.402 17.149 M1I 5 0
204 2MASS J00452494+4207269 s*r 00 45 24.9506340288 +42 07 27.036410736   22.343 19.935 18.212 16.366 M4I 6 0
205 2MASS J00452527+4158330 s*r 00 45 25.2740341344 +41 58 33.154809060 23.552 21.299 19.266 18.203 17.098 M1I 5 0
206 2MASS J00453111+4148254 s*r 00 45 31.1202183528 +41 48 25.507810836   22.318 19.915 18.187 16.486 M1I 7 0
207 2MASS J00453129+4159181 s*r 00 45 31.3034745312 +41 59 18.168344772 21.947 21.051 19.182 18.105 16.914 M2I 6 0
208 2MASS J00453140+4134002 s*r 00 45 31.4131638576 +41 34 00.373507932   21.719 19.673 18.644 17.497 M1I 5 0
209 2MASS J00453157+4138000 s*r 00 45 31.575 +41 38 00.07   21.449 19.216 18.020 16.761 M1I 6 0
210 2MASS J00453262+4151084 s*r 00 45 32.6129967360 +41 51 07.916802480   21.566 19.732 18.744 17.669 M1I 5 0
211 2MASS J00453996+4154036 s*r 00 45 39.969 +41 54 03.69 19.091 18.704 17.002 16.065   M3I 6 0
212 2MASS J00454094+4211016 s*r 00 45 40.9528495152 +42 11 01.671064692 22.660 21.651 19.704 18.619 17.516 K5I 4 0
213 2MASS J00454215+4153475 s*r 00 45 42.1571703000 +41 53 47.594401908 22.057 20.256 18.412 17.456 16.575 K1I 6 0
214 2MASS J00454589+4151286 s*r 00 45 45.9052932360 +41 51 28.334264796   21.745 19.736 18.712 17.637 K5I 4 0
215 2MASS J00455012+4142172 s*r 00 45 50.1254592624 +41 42 17.283608460   21.354 19.554 18.544 17.531 M0I 4 0
216 2MASS J00455195+4143474 s*r 00 45 51.9440598432 +41 43 47.461873836   21.348 19.276 18.084 16.894 M1I 5 0
217 2MASS J00455256+4149132 s*r 00 45 52.5532083216 +41 49 13.198031580   20.870 18.944 17.816 16.612 M2I 6 0
218 2MASS J00455332+4142382 s*r 00 45 53.3172515616 +41 42 37.967523156   21.777 19.934 18.891 17.551 M1I 5 0
219 2MASS J00455371+4152372 s*r 00 45 53.7291153912 +41 52 37.400161008   21.685 19.866 18.876 17.859 M0I 4 0
220 2MASS J00455883+4155191 s*r 00 45 58.8479285208 +41 55 18.934195224   21.412 19.480 18.518 17.522 K5I 4 0
221 2MASS J00455890+4146419 s*r 00 45 58.9115172192 +41 46 41.917513260   21.624 19.388 18.028 16.650 M2I 6 0
222 2MASS J00460418+4151352 s*r 00 46 04.1864262384 +41 51 35.204455296 23.000 21.380 19.316 18.114 16.743 M2I 6 0
223 2MASS J00460432+4144492 s*r 00 46 04.3185329112 +41 44 49.297653816   21.691 19.707 18.340 16.840 M2I 6 0
224 2MASS J00460624+4150186 s*r 00 46 06.2493130536 +41 50 18.639052548   21.587 19.526 18.235 16.736 M2I 6 0
225 2MASS J00461252+4150025 s*r 00 46 12.5290109328 +41 50 02.493494592   21.739 19.903 18.944 17.981 K5I 5 0
226 2MASS J00461266+4148188 s*r 00 46 12.6769919664 +41 48 18.481271544 22.676 21.695 19.969 19.032 17.975 M0I 5 0
227 2MASS J00461455+4211172 s*r 00 46 14.5592325912 +42 11 17.245018968 22.916 21.665 19.615 18.363 16.841 M3I 6 0
228 2MASS J00461710+4157205 s*r 00 46 17.1031934256 +41 57 20.636013456   21.077 19.099 18.019 16.824 M0I 5 0
229 2MASS J00462014+4147535 s*r 00 46 20.1475674960 +41 47 53.477427516 22.767 21.178 19.293 18.209 17.064 M1I 5 0
230 2MASS J00462090+4155455 s*r 00 46 20.9143264656 +41 55 45.633904032   21.691 19.761 18.645 17.320 M1I 5 0
231 2MASS J00462374+4201412 s*r 00 46 23.7421342944 +42 01 41.286409428   22.007 19.998 18.743 17.308 M2I 6 0
232 2MASS J00462582+4210115 s*r 00 46 25.8109994760 +42 10 11.351005140 22.717 20.962 19.075 18.206 17.353 K4I 7 0
233 2MASS J00462751+4209507 s*r 00 46 27.5097150216 +42 09 50.776514532   21.355 19.522 18.581 17.624 K2I 6 0
234 2MASS J00463201+4153163 s*r 00 46 32.0312864424 +41 53 16.294750404   21.774 19.881 18.903 17.904 M0I 4 0
235 2MASS J00463272+4201490 s*r 00 46 32.7287364888 +42 01 48.931555692   21.426 19.478 18.464 17.427 M1I 5 0
236 [MSL2009] J004633.73+420907.1 s*r 00 46 33.7188244872 +42 09 06.966806688 21.921 21.563 19.914 19.061 18.234 K2I 4 0
237 2MASS J00463399+4211094 s*r 00 46 33.9949854528 +42 11 09.327251652   21.612 19.593 18.583 17.450 M1I 6 0
238 2MASS J00463674+4203257 s*r 00 46 36.7583781696 +42 03 25.756231140   21.795 19.970 18.962 17.947 M0I 4 0
239 2MASS J00463817+4200087 s*r 00 46 38.1761166936 +42 00 08.746047756   21.884 19.656 18.213 16.634 M2I 7 0
240 2MASS J00463881+4154560 s*r 00 46 38.8074468408 +41 54 56.016780876   21.395 19.394 18.274 16.957 M1I 5 0
241 2MASS J00463997+4211545 s*r 00 46 39.9813044520 +42 11 54.538871244 22.854 21.752 19.574 18.515 17.450 K5-M0I 7 0
242 2MASS J00464075+4207458 s*r 00 46 40.7583520704 +42 07 45.778011420   21.509 19.484 18.252 16.812 M2I 5 0
243 2MASS J00464331+4146487 s*r 00 46 43.3081721448 +41 46 48.616778316   21.367 19.664 18.782 17.972 K2I 4 0
244 2MASS J00465540+4158268 s*r 00 46 55.3879971288 +41 58 26.813733780 21.704 21.178 19.362 18.397 17.421 K5I 5 0
245 2MASS J00465963+4152267 s*r 00 46 59.6378422344 +41 52 26.472040932   21.090 19.312 18.372 17.465 K2I 4 0
246 NAME SMC G 00 52 38.0 -72 48 01   2.79 2.2     ~ 11043 1
247 M 33 GiG 01 33 50.8965749232 +30 39 36.630403128 6.17 6.27 5.72     ~ 5811 1
248 NAME Magellanic Clouds GrG 03 00 -71.0           ~ 6984 1
249 NAME LMC G 05 23 34.6 -69 45 22     0.4     ~ 17264 1
250 M 101 GiP 14 03 12.583 +54 20 55.50   8.46 7.86 7.76   ~ 2889 2
251 NAME Local Group GrG ~ ~           ~ 8311 0

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