Query : 2023A&A...671L...3P

2023A&A...671L...3P - Astronomy and Astrophysics, volume 671, L3 (2023/3-1)

Temporal albedo variability in the phase curve of KELT-1b.


Abstract (from CDS):

The dayside brightness spectrum of a highly irradiated transiting brown dwarf KELT-1b is challenging to explain based on current brown dwarf atmosphere models. The spectrum has been measured from observations spanning ten years and covering high-precision secondary eclipses and phase curves from space in blue-visible (CHaracterising ExOPlanet Satellite, CHEOPS), red-visible (Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite, TESS), and near-infrared (Spitzer), as well as secondary eclipse observations in near-infrared from the ground. First, the dayside of KELT-1b was observed to be brighter in the TESS passband than expected, based on earlier near-infrared phase curve observations with Spitzer, and, recently, the dayside was observed to be extremely dark in the CHEOPS passband. While several theories have been proposed to reconcile the discrepancy between the TESS and Spitzer bands, explaining the difference between the largely overlapping CHEOPS and TESS bands has proven more difficult. In this work, I model the TESS photometry from Sector 17 together with the new TESS photometry from Sector 57 and show that the discrepancies in KELT-1b's dayside brightness spectrum are best explained by temporal variability in KELT-1b's albedo. This variability is most likely due to changes in the weather, namely, variations in the silicate cloud coverage on the brown dwarf's dayside.

Abstract Copyright: © The Authors 2023

Journal keyword(s): stars: individual: KELT-1 - brown dwarfs - planetary systems - planets and satellites: atmospheres - stars: atmospheres - methods: observational

Simbad objects: 2

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Number of rows : 2
N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
ICRS (J2000)
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2024
1 KELT-1b Pl 00 01 26.9168207928 +39 23 01.784206464           ~ 122 0
2 KELT-1 EB* 00 01 26.9168207928 +39 23 01.784206464   11.23 10.63     F5 60 0

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