2009ApJ...692..856B


C.D.S. - SIMBAD4 rel 1.7 - 2020.07.12CEST15:09:30

2009ApJ...692..856B - Astrophys. J., 692, 856-868 (2009/February-2)

Upper limits on the masses of 105 supermassive black holes from Hubble Space Telescope/Space Telescope Imaging Spectrograph archival data.

BEIFIORI A., SARZI M., CORSINI E.M., DALLA BONTA E., PIZZELLA A., COCCATO L. and BERTOLA F.

Abstract (from CDS):

Based on the modeling of the central emission-line width measured over subarcsecond apertures with the Hubble Space Telescope, we present stringent upper bounds on the mass of the central supermassive black hole, M, for a sample of 105 nearby galaxies (D < 100 Mpc) spanning a wide range of Hubble types (E-Sc) and values of the central stellar velocity dispersion, σc(58-419 km/s). For the vast majority of the objects, the derived M upper limits run parallel and above the well-known Mc relation independently of the galaxy distance, suggesting that our nebular line-width measurements trace rather well the nuclear gravitational potential. For values of σc between 90 and 220 km/s, 68% of our upper limits falls immediately above the Mc relation without exceeding the expected M values by more than a factor 4.1. No systematic trends or offsets are observed in this σc range as a function of the galaxy Hubble type or with respect to the presence of a bar. For 6 of our 12 M upper limits with σc<90 km/s, our line-width measurements are more sensitive to the stellar contribution to the gravitational potential, either due to the presence of a nuclear stellar cluster or because of a greater distance compared to the other galaxies at the low-σc end of the Mcrelation. Conversely, our M upper bounds appear to lie closer to the expected M in the most massive elliptical galaxies with values of σc above 220 km/s. Such a flattening of the Mc relation at its high-σc end would appear consistent with a coevolution of supermassive black holes and galaxies driven by dry mergers, although better and more consistent measurements for σc and K-band luminosity are needed for these kinds of objects before systematic effects can be ruled out.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): black hole physics - galaxies: kinematics and dynamics - galaxies: structure

VizieR on-line data: <Available at CDS (J/ApJ/692/856): table1.dat table2.dat refs.dat>

Simbad objects: 181

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Number of rows : 181

N Identifier Otype ICRS (J2000)
RA
ICRS (J2000)
DEC
Mag U Mag B Mag V Mag R Mag I Sp type #ref
1850 - 2020
#notes
1 NGC 134 GiP 00 30 21.893 -33 14 43.26   11.14 10.12 9.69 10.4 ~ 146 0
2 NGC 157 EmG 00 34 46.751 -08 23 47.36   11.0 19.00 10.03 10.7 ~ 326 0
3 NGC 193 rG 00 39 18.578 +03 19 52.87   14.3       ~ 118 1
4 M 32 IG 00 42 41.825 +40 51 54.61 9.51 9.03 8.08     ~ 2010 2
5 NGC 255 GiG 00 47 47.309 -11 28 07.31   12.5   11.82 12.6 ~ 84 0
6 NGC 278 H2G 00 52 04.3422973787 +47 33 01.649350749   10.5       ~ 219 1
7 NGC 289 AGN 00 52 42.365 -31 12 20.99   11.36 13.44 10.38 11.4 ~ 201 0
8 NGC 315 LIN 00 57 48.88335 +30 21 08.8122 12.80 12.20 11.16 11.26   ~ 707 2
9 NGC 383 rG 01 07 24.95870 +32 24 45.2140   13.6 12.14     ~ 720 3
10 NGC 520 IG 01 24 35.071 +03 47 32.68 12.41 12.24 11.42     ~ 490 3
11 NGC 541 IG 01 25 44.305 -01 22 46.19 13.42 13.03 12.08     ~ 189 2
12 NGC 613 AGN 01 34 18.235 -29 25 06.56   10.77 12.71 9.50 10.6 ~ 346 3
13 Mrk 573 Sy2 01 43 57.7763654544 +02 20 59.525472345   14.90 14.07     ~ 484 0
14 UGC 1395 Sy2 01 55 22.0257859119 +06 36 42.420261612   14.449 13.619 13.090 12.381 ~ 134 0
15 NGC 741 rG 01 56 20.959 +05 37 43.77   13.2       ~ 265 2
16 NGC 788 Sy2 02 01 06.4622976350 -06 48 57.146217363   13.71 12.76 11.79   ~ 212 0
17 UGC 1841 Sy1 02 23 11.41124 +42 59 31.3840   15.71 14.81     ~ 527 2
18 NGC 1052 GiP 02 41 04.79851 -08 15 20.7517 11.84 11.41 10.47 10.71   ~ 1143 2
19 NGC 1097 LIN 02 46 19.059 -30 16 29.68 10.46 9.97 9.48 8.72 9.8 ~ 1173 3
20 NGC 1255 GiG 03 13 31.9874763729 -25 43 30.397600049   11.80   10.66 11.5 ~ 135 0
21 NGC 1300 GiP 03 19 41.0453355271 -19 24 40.141850719   11.16 10.42 9.90 10.7 ~ 439 0
22 NGC 1358 Sy2 03 33 39.6845285938 -05 05 22.226986857   14.10 13.05 11.76   ~ 184 1
23 IC 342 SBG 03 46 48.514 +68 05 45.98   10.5       ~ 1386 1
24 NGC 1497 GiG 04 02 06.8056094115 +23 07 58.397624556   14.5       ~ 44 1
25 NGC 1667 Sy2 04 48 37.205 -06 19 11.47   13.66 12.86 11.72   ~ 336 1
26 NGC 1832 G 05 12 03.332 -15 41 16.01   12.2   11.07 11.8 ~ 223 1
27 NGC 1961 LIN 05 42 04.775 +69 22 42.17   11.73 10.99     ~ 305 3
28 NGC 2110 Sy2 05 52 11.3760694860 -07 27 22.489931610   14.77 13.51 11.86   ~ 584 1
29 NGC 2179 GiG 06 08 02.205 -21 44 48.00   13.33 12.45 11.58   ~ 54 0
30 NGC 2273 Sy2 06 50 08.6724567505 +60 50 44.879789544   14.50 13.54     ~ 459 3
31 NGC 2329 AGN 07 09 08.0060407484 +48 36 55.739351597   13.7 13.99     ~ 118 3
32 NGC 2623 LIN 08 38 24.016 +25 45 16.29 14.10 13.99 13.36     ~ 435 1
33 NGC 2654 SyG 08 49 11.873 +60 13 16.03   12.80       ~ 126 0
34 NGC 2685 Sy2 08 55 34.7056265191 +58 44 03.877798862   13.68 12.70     ~ 407 1
35 NGC 2748 GiG 09 13 43.037 +76 28 31.23   11.7       ~ 175 0
36 NGC 2787 LIN 09 19 18.6043000282 +69 12 11.642887220   12.92 11.79     ~ 316 0
37 NGC 2905 H2G 09 32 10.111 +21 30 02.99 10.44 9.75 9.07 8.68   ~ 986 3
38 NGC 2892 rG 09 32 52.899 +67 37 02.64   14.4       ~ 55 1
39 NGC 2911 LIN 09 33 46.1030664 +10 09 08.877416   14.96 13.83     ~ 223 0
40 NGC 2964 GiP 09 42 54.251 +31 50 49.97   12.0       ~ 254 1
41 NGC 2976 GiP 09 47 15.458 +67 54 58.97 11.77 11.03 10.16 9.51   ~ 581 1
42 NGC 3003 GiG 09 48 35.580 +33 25 17.83   12.3       ~ 173 0
43 NGC 3021 GiG 09 50 57.1458788689 +33 33 12.942434723   12.6       ~ 162 0
44 NGC 3049 EmG 09 54 49.651 +09 16 17.90   13.04       ~ 289 1
45 M 81 Sy2 09 55 33.17306143 +69 03 55.0609270   7.89 6.94     ~ 3965 5
46 NGC 3067 GiG 09 58 21.057 +32 22 11.97   12.7       ~ 225 1
47 NGC 3078 GiG 09 58 24.5976687647 -26 55 35.945681694   12.00 11.07 10.51   ~ 138 0
48 NGC 3081 Sy2 09 59 29.5436045645 -22 49 34.748021329   13.06 13.55 11.67 12.1 ~ 412 0
49 NGC 3162 GiG 10 13 31.5928405755 +22 44 15.161785167   12.2       ~ 122 0
50 NGC 3227 GiP 10 23 30.57 +19 51 54.3   12.61 11.79     ~ 1533 2
51 NGC 3245 GiP 10 27 18.3853542210 +28 30 26.626222848   11.6       ~ 312 0
52 NGC 3256 IG 10 27 51.284 -43 54 13.55   11.83 11.33 10.62 11.9 ~ 755 2
53 NGC 3254 Sy2 10 29 19.922 +29 29 29.18   12.29 11.60     ~ 151 0
54 NGC 3259 Sy1 10 32 34.8644758319 +65 02 27.928044793   17.55 16.89     ~ 137 0
55 NGC 3310 AGN 10 38 45.857 +53 30 11.89   12.45 12.15     ~ 726 1
56 M 95 GiP 10 43 57.733 +11 42 13.00 10.71 10.51 9.73 9.48   ~ 936 2
57 M 96 GiP 10 46 45.744 +11 49 11.78 10.42 10.15 9.25 8.99   ~ 742 1
58 M 105 LIN 10 47 49.600 +12 34 53.87   10.56 9.76 9.12 8.18 ~ 1380 0
59 NGC 3393 Sy2 10 48 23.467 -25 09 43.30   13.10 13.95 11.67 12.2 ~ 347 3
60 NGC 3403 GiG 10 53 54.851 +73 41 25.35   13.30       ~ 90 0
61 NGC 3489 GiG 11 00 18.5473550222 +13 54 04.215155077 11.46 11.12 10.29     ~ 359 1
62 NGC 3521 LSB 11 05 48.5676206040 -00 02 09.228156576 10.06 9.83 9.02 10.1 9.6 ~ 696 2
63 NGC 3516 Sy1 11 06 47.4596406816 +72 34 07.189563769   13.12 12.40     ~ 1418 0
64 M 66 GiP 11 20 15.026 +12 59 28.64 9.85 9.65 8.92     ~ 1159 4
65 NGC 3642 LIN 11 22 18.014 +59 04 27.27   14.86 14.04     ~ 188 0
66 NGC 3675 GiG 11 26 08.584 +43 35 09.30   11.04   9.57   ~ 261 1
67 NGC 3684 GiP 11 27 11.173 +17 01 49.12   12.1       ~ 156 0
68 NGC 3686 GiP 11 27 43.942 +17 13 26.61   11.6       ~ 171 0
69 NGC 3705 GiG 11 30 07.456 +09 16 35.87 12.00 11.86 11.07     ~ 152 1
70 NGC 3756 GiG 11 36 48.0236520789 +54 17 36.712658616   12.1       ~ 162 0
71 NGC 3801 LIN 11 40 16.897 +17 43 40.48   13.3       ~ 184 1
72 3C 264.0 QSO 11 45 05.0090520 +19 36 22.741257   14.98 13.97     ~ 534 2
73 NGC 3887 G 11 47 04.563 -16 51 16.71   11.4   10.37 10.9 ~ 133 0
74 NGC 3917 GiP 11 50 45.487 +51 49 27.16   12.5       ~ 160 0
75 NGC 3921 IG 11 51 06.8746094191 +55 04 43.392337063   13.4 12.64     ~ 236 0
76 NGC 3949 GiG 11 53 41.7329679734 +47 51 31.426105104   10.9       ~ 293 1
77 NGC 3953 GiG 11 53 49.0087614111 +52 19 36.473777126   11.08   9.71   ~ 311 0
78 NGC 3972 GiP 11 55 45.117 +55 19 14.42   13.14   11.94   ~ 172 1
79 NGC 3982 Sy1 11 56 28.169 +55 07 31.30   12.20 11.70 11.18   ~ 488 1
80 M 109 GiG 11 57 35.984 +53 22 28.27   10.94   9.57   ~ 416 0
81 NGC 3998 SyG 11 57 56.1333561013 +55 27 12.925850484   11.64 12.10 10.09   ~ 575 2
82 NGC 4030 GiP 12 00 23.6122434029 -01 06 00.223672461   11.42   10.3 10.4 ~ 292 1
83 NGC 4036 LIN 12 01 26.891 +61 53 44.52   12.18 11.20     ~ 234 0
84 NGC 4038 GiP 12 01 53.002 -18 52 03.32   10.91   9.74 11.0 ~ 1274 1
85 NAME Antennae IG 12 01 53.170 -18 52 37.92           ~ 1556 0
86 NGC 4039 GiP 12 01 53.8 -18 53 06   11.08   9.77   ~ 1130 1
87 NGC 4041 SyG 12 02 12.2373728821 +62 08 14.095878409   11.6       ~ 226 1
88 NGC 4051 Sy1 12 03 09.6098828919 +44 31 52.693714606   11.08 12.92 9.94   ~ 1992 1
89 NGC 4088 GiP 12 05 34.2188954517 +50 32 21.031900467   11.2       ~ 362 1
90 NGC 4100 GiG 12 06 08.602 +49 34 56.32   11.7       ~ 212 0
91 UGC 7115 LIN 12 08 05.551 +25 14 14.26   14.4       ~ 75 0
92 NGC 4138 Sy1 12 09 29.788 +43 41 07.14 12.46 12.29 11.32 10.82   ~ 349 1
93 NGC 4143 LIN 12 09 36.086 +42 32 03.18   13.04 12.08     ~ 212 0
94 NGC 4150 GiG 12 10 33.655 +30 24 05.35 12.72 12.44 11.64     ~ 284 2
95 NGC 4203 LIN 12 15 05.0543630359 +33 11 50.401356393   12.98 11.99     ~ 454 2
96 NGC 4212 H2G 12 15 39.3406580208 +13 54 05.424965126   11.9       ~ 287 0
97 NGC 4245 GiG 12 17 36.7828268294 +29 36 28.901023066   12.4       ~ 165 0
98 M 106 Sy2 12 18 57.620 +47 18 13.39   9.14 8.41 8.11   ~ 2115 3
99 NGC 4261 LIN 12 19 23.2160630 +05 49 29.700024   13.92 12.87     ~ 1115 0
100 NGC 4278 LIN 12 20 06.82563 +29 16 50.7124 11.54 11.09 10.16     ~ 888 2
101 M 61 Sy2 12 21 54.9275149050 +04 28 25.588335799 10.07 10.18 9.65     ~ 871 2
102 NGC 4314 LIN 12 22 31.978 +29 53 43.09 11.72 11.43 10.58     ~ 450 1
103 M 100 AGN 12 22 54.9318850854 +15 49 20.294302163 10.04 10.05 9.35     ~ 1647 2
104 NGC 4335 rG 12 23 01.908 +58 26 40.96   13.7       ~ 74 1
105 NGC 4343 AGN 12 23 38.690 +06 57 14.17   13.5       ~ 153 1
106 M 84 Sy2 12 25 03.74333 +12 53 13.1393 12.67 12.09 10.49     ~ 1635 2
107 NGC 4380 BLL 12 25 22.178 +10 01 00.14   13.4       ~ 233 0
108 NGC 4389 GiG 12 25 35.098 +45 41 04.81   12.64   11.46   ~ 127 0
109 NGC 4414 GiG 12 26 27.089 +31 13 24.76 11.12 10.96 10.12     ~ 513 2
110 NGC 4420 GiG 12 26 58.4363204381 +02 29 39.738715668   12.7       ~ 157 0
111 NGC 4429 GiG 12 27 26.5039638243 +11 06 27.581567094   11.4       ~ 281 0
112 NGC 4435 GiG 12 27 40.503 +13 04 44.48 12.23 11.74 10.80     ~ 413 2
113 NGC 4450 LIN 12 28 29.634 +17 05 05.82   10.90 10.08     ~ 510 1
114 NGC 4459 H2G 12 29 00.026 +13 58 42.89   11.6       ~ 493 0
115 NGC 4477 Sy2 12 30 02.172 +13 38 11.19 11.98 11.38 10.42     ~ 363 2
116 M 87 BiC 12 30 49.42338230 +12 23 28.0438581 10.16 9.59 8.63   7.49 ~ 6213 3
117 M 88 Sy2 12 31 59.216 +14 25 13.48   14.33 13.18     ~ 728 1
118 NGC 4526 GiG 12 34 03.029 +07 41 56.90   10.6       ~ 600 1
119 NGC 4527 GiP 12 34 08.496 +02 39 13.72   12.4       ~ 490 2
120 NGC 4536 GiP 12 34 27.129 +02 11 16.37 11.14 11.16 10.55 17.393   ~ 748 3
121 M 91 LIN 12 35 26.430 +14 29 46.75   14.63 13.57     ~ 524 0
122 NGC 4507 Sy2 12 35 36.6328010225 -39 54 33.661858548   12.95 13.54 11.70 12.4 ~ 438 0
123 M 89 LIN 12 35 39.8 +12 33 23 11.29 10.73 9.75     ~ 924 2
124 M 90 Sy2 12 36 49.816 +13 09 46.33 10.56 10.26 9.54     ~ 795 1
125 M 58 SyG 12 37 43.597 +11 49 05.12 10.80 10.48 9.66     ~ 969 2
126 NGC 4596 GiP 12 39 55.9543662681 +10 10 34.181826559   12.4       ~ 332 0
127 M 104 LIN 12 39 59.43185 -11 37 22.9954 9.51 9.55 8.00 8.05   ~ 1275 3
128 IC 3639 Sy2 12 40 52.8357581136 -36 45 21.046225445   13.01 13.50 11.87 12.7 ~ 228 1
129 NGC 4636 LIN 12 42 49.867 +02 41 16.01   12.62 11.84     ~ 1041 1
130 IC 819 AGN 12 46 10.060 +30 43 54.64           ~ 253 1
131 NGC 4676 IG 12 46 10.18 +30 43 53.7   14.1       ~ 297 0
132 NGC 4698 Sy2 12 48 22.9112380605 +08 29 14.648866444   13.24 12.27     ~ 443 0
133 NGC 4696 BiC 12 48 49.277 -41 18 39.92   11.21   10.7   ~ 455 3
134 M 94 SyG 12 50 53.148 +41 07 12.55 9.15 8.96 8.24 7.78   ~ 1217 3
135 NGC 4800 GiG 12 54 37.7820832483 +46 31 52.281519420   12.0       ~ 132 0
136 M 64 SyG 12 56 43.696 +21 40 57.57   9.36 8.52     ~ 813 2
137 NGC 5005 GiP 13 10 56.312 +37 03 32.19   14.67 13.67     ~ 497 2
138 M 63 LIN 13 15 49.2738527699 +42 01 45.726078017   9.34 8.59 8.35   ~ 1056 2
139 NGC 5054 GiP 13 16 58.488 -16 38 05.46   11.3   10.36 10.7 ~ 174 1
140 NGC 5077 GiP 13 19 31.66964077 -12 39 25.0754790   13.87 12.85 11.30   ~ 270 0
141 NGC 5127 LIN 13 23 45.018 +31 33 56.72   13.9       ~ 157 0
142 NGC 5141 LIN 13 24 51.44115875 +36 22 42.7741809   13.9       ~ 164 1
143 NGC 5135 Sy2 13 25 44.059 -29 50 01.24   12.58 13.35 11.53 12.2 ~ 425 1
144 M 51 GiP 13 29 52.698 +47 11 42.93   9.26 8.36 8.40   ~ 3782 4
145 NGC 5248 GiG 13 37 32.069 +08 53 06.22   11.4       ~ 442 0
146 NGC 5247 GiG 13 38 03.0179394007 -17 53 02.635368748   10.77   9.96 10.5 ~ 203 0
147 NGC 5252 Sy2 13 38 15.8711551761 +04 32 33.525903711   15.21 14.21     ~ 420 0
148 NGC 5283 Sy2 13 41 05.7487638040 +67 40 19.995794737   14.97 14.05     ~ 227 0
149 NGC 5347 Sy2 13 53 17.7993659226 +33 29 26.989049245   13.46 12.70     ~ 311 1
150 NGC 5364 GiP 13 56 12.004 +05 00 52.06   13.2       ~ 233 0
151 NGC 5398 LSB 14 01 21.555 -33 03 49.62   12.87 12.39 11.99 12.6 ~ 112 1
152 APG 271 IG 14 03 25.45 -06 02 59.9           ~ 208 0
153 NGC 5427 GiP 14 03 26.0408351752 -06 01 50.688001474   14.67 13.96 11.54   ~ 269 0
154 NGC 5490 rG 14 09 57.330 +17 32 43.53   13.4 15.5     ~ 145 1
155 NGC 5577 GiP 14 21 13.110 +03 26 08.76   13.05       ~ 109 1
156 NGC 5635 SyG 14 28 31.7598923906 +27 24 32.250772479   13.9   12.12   ~ 105 1
157 NGC 5643 Sy2 14 32 40.778 -44 10 28.60   11.03 13.60 9.92 10.6 ~ 452 0
158 NGC 5695 Sy2 14 37 22.1345295094 +36 34 04.194112119   14.55 13.60     ~ 192 0
159 NGC 5713 GiP 14 40 11.528 -00 17 21.16 11.88 11.84 11.20     ~ 350 2
160 NGC 5728 Sy2 14 42 23.928 -17 15 11.41   14.34 13.40     ~ 498 0
161 NGC 5746 GiP 14 44 56.005 +01 57 17.06   12.3       ~ 324 0
162 NGC 5879 AGN 15 09 46.7282797389 +57 00 00.544806616   11.9       ~ 223 1
163 NGC 5905 H2G 15 15 23.324 +55 31 01.59   13.6       ~ 250 1
164 NGC 5921 G 15 21 56.561 +05 04 13.94   12.7       ~ 254 0
165 NGC 6300 Sy2 17 16 59.473 -62 49 13.98   10.88 13.08 9.44 10.2 ~ 359 0
166 UGC 10814 GiP 17 19 21.343 +49 02 25.69   14.9       ~ 22 0
167 NGC 6384 G 17 32 24.302 +07 03 36.97   13.2       ~ 290 0
168 NGC 6503 LIN 17 49 26.4206717057 +70 08 39.587370580 11.56 10.95 10.28 9.92   ~ 470 1
169 NGC 6500 LIN 17 55 59.78195 +18 20 17.6713   13.43 12.54     ~ 208 0
170 NGC 6621 G 18 12 55.276 +68 21 48.50   13.6       ~ 113 1
171 NGC 6861 GiP 20 07 19.482 -48 22 12.94   12.01 11.10 10.43   ~ 162 0
172 NGC 6951 Sy2 20 37 14.1181441937 +66 06 20.078027288   11.64 10.65     ~ 498 2
173 IC 5096 GiG 21 18 21.511 -63 45 38.43   13.32   11.73 12.3 ~ 60 0
174 NGC 7052 rG 21 18 33.047 +26 26 48.65 15.52 14.85 13.09     ~ 299 1
175 NGC 7252 IG 22 20 44.7751096408 -24 40 41.905677809 12.26 12.46 12.06 11.57   ~ 663 1
176 UGC 12064 AGN 22 31 20.625 +39 21 29.81   14.6       ~ 418 1
177 NGC 7314 Sy1 22 35 46.1969940596 -26 03 01.574026329   11.62 13.11 10.61 11.4 ~ 505 0
178 NGC 7331 LIN 22 37 04.102 +34 24 57.31 10.65 10.35 9.48     ~ 1110 2
179 NGC 7592 Sy2 23 18 22.0 -04 24 57           ~ 149 0
180 NGC 7626 rG 23 20 42.524 +08 13 01.43   12.8       ~ 403 1
181 NGC 7682 Sy2 23 29 03.896 +03 32 00.00   14.3       ~ 204 0

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2020.07.12-15:09:30

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