SIMBAD references

2011ApJ...741...18B - Astrophys. J., 741, 18 (2011/November-1)

Where are the fossils of the first galaxies? II. True fossils, ghost halos, and the missing bright satellites.


Abstract (from CDS):

We use a new set of cold dark matter simulations of the local universe to investigate the distribution of fossils of primordial dwarf galaxies within and around the Milky Way. Throughout, we build upon previous results showing agreement between the observed stellar properties of a subset of the ultra-faint dwarfs and our simulated fossils. Here, we show that fossils of the first galaxies have galactocentric distributions and cumulative luminosity functions consistent with observations. In our model, we predict ∼300 luminous satellites orbiting the Milky Way, 50%-70% of which are well-preserved fossils. Within the Milky Way virial radius, the majority of these fossils have luminosities LV< 106 L{x2609}. Despite our multidimensional agreement with observations at low masses and luminosities, the primordial model produces an overabundance of bright dwarf satellites (LV> 104 L{x2609}) with respect to observations where observations are nearly complete. The "bright satellite problem" is most evident in the outer parts of the Milky Way. We estimate that, although relatively bright, the primordial stellar populations are very diffuse, producing a population with surface brightnesses below surveys' detection limits, and are easily stripped by tidal forces. Although we cannot yet present unmistakable evidence for the existence of the fossils of first galaxies in the Local Group, the results of our studies suggest observational strategies that may demonstrate their existence: (1) the detection of "ghost halos" of primordial stars around isolated dwarfs would prove that stars formed in minihalos (M < 108 M{x2609}) before reionization and strongly suggest that at least a fraction of the ultra-faint dwarfs are fossils of the first galaxies; and (2) the existence of a yet unknown population of ∼150 Milky Way ultra-faints with half-light radii rhl~ 100-1000 pc and luminosities LV< 104 L{x2609}, detectable by future deep surveys. These undetected dwarfs would have the mass-to-light ratios, stellar velocity dispersions, and metallicities predicted in this work.

Abstract Copyright:

Journal keyword(s): dark matter - galaxies: dwarf - galaxies: evolution - galaxies: formation - Local Group

Simbad objects: 71

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