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2017ApJ...835..107X - Astrophys. J., 835, 107-107 (2017/January-3)

Diffuse interstellar bands and the ultraviolet extinction curves: the missing link revisited.


Abstract (from CDS):

A large number of interstellar absorption features at ∼4000 A-1.8 µm, known as the "diffuse interstellar bands" (DIBs), remains unidentified. Most recent works relate them to large polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) molecules or ultrasmall carbonaceous grains which are also thought to be responsible for the 2175 Åextinction bump and/or the far-ultraviolet (UV) extinction rise at λ–1 5.9 µm–1. Therefore, one might expect some relation between UV extinction and DIBs. Such a relationship, if established, could put important constraints on the carrier of DIBs. Over the past four decades, whether DIBs are related to the shape of the UV extinction curves has been extensively investigated. However, the results are often inconsistent, partly due to the inconsistencies in characterizing UV extinction. Here we re-examine the connection between the UV extinction curve and DIBs. We compile the extinction curves and the equivalent widths of 40 DIBs along 97 sightlines. We decompose the extinction curve into three Drude-like functions composed of the visible/near-infrared component, the 2175 Åbump, and the far-UV (FUV) extinction at λ–1 5.9 µm–1. We argue that the wavelength-integrated FUV extinction derived from this decomposition technique best measures the strength of the FUV extinction. No correlation is found between the FUV extinction and most (∼90%) of the DIBs. We have also shown that the color excess E(1300–1700), the extinction difference at 1300 and 1700 Åoften used to measure the strength of the FUV extinction, does not correlate with DIBs. Finally, we confirm the earlier findings of no correlation between the 2175 Åbump and DIBs or between the 2175 Åbump and the FUV extinction.

Abstract Copyright: © 2017. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.

Journal keyword(s): dust, extinction - ISM: lines and bands - ISM: molecules - ISM: molecules

Simbad objects: 113

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