Astron. J., 155, 241-241 (2018/June-0)
Chandra detection of an evolved population of young stars in Serpens South.
WINSTON E., WOLK S.J., GUTERMUTH R. and BOURKE T.L.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present a Chandra study of the deeply embedded Serpens South star-forming region, examining cluster structure and disk properties at the earliest stages. In total, 152 X-ray sources are detected. Combined with Spitzer and 2MASS photometry, 66 X-ray sources are reliably matched to an IR counterpart. We identify 21 class I, 6 flat spectrum, 16 class II, and 18 class III young stars; 5 were unclassified. Eighteen sources were variable in X-rays, 8 exhibiting flare-like emission and one source being periodic. The cluster's X-ray luminosity distance was estimated: the best match was to the nearer distance of 260 pc for the front of the Aquila Rift complex. The ratio of NH to AK is found to be ∼0.68 x 1022, similar to that measured in other young low-mass regions, but lower than that measured in the interstellar medium and high-mass clusters (∼(1.6-2) x 1022). We find that the spatial distribution closely follows that of the dense filament from which the stars have formed, with the class II population still strongly associated with the filament. There are four subclusters in the field, with three forming knots in the filament, and a fourth to the west, which may not be associated but may be contributing to the distributed class III population. A high percentage of diskless class IIIs (upper limit 30% of classified X-ray sources) in such a young cluster could indicate that processing of disks is influenced by the cluster environment and is not solely dependent on timescale.
© 2018. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
circumstellar matter - infrared: stars - stars: pre-main sequence - stars: protostars - X-rays: stars
VizieR on-line data:
<Available at CDS (J/AJ/155/241): table2.dat table3.dat table4.dat>
Tables 2-3: [WWG2018] NNN (Nos 1-152). Table 4: [WWG2018] YSO NNN (Nos 1-299).
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