Astrophys. J., 876, 112-112 (2019/May-2)
Strong far-ultraviolet fields drive the [C+ II]/far-infrared deficit in z ∼ 3 dusty, star-forming galaxies.
RYBAK M., CALISTRO RIVERA G., HODGE J.A., SMAIL I., WALTER F., VAN DER WERF P., DA CUNHA E., CHEN C.-C., DANNERBAUER H., IVISON R.J., KARIM A., SIMPSON J.M., SWINBANK A.M. and WARDLOW J.L.
Abstract (from CDS):
We present 0.''15 (1 kpc) resolution ALMA observations of the [C II] 157.74 µm line and rest-frame 160 µm continuum emission in two z ∼ 3 dusty, star-forming galaxies-ALESS 49.1 and ALESS 57.1, combined with resolved CO (3-2) observations. In both sources, the [C II] surface brightness distribution is dominated by a compact core <=1 kpc in radius, a factor of 2-3 smaller than the extent of the CO (3-2) emission. In ALESS 49.1, we find an additional extended (8 kpc radius), low surface brightness [C II] component. Based on an analysis of mock ALMA observations, the [C II] and 160 µm continuum surface brightness distributions are inconsistent with a single-Gaussian surface brightness distribution with the same size as the CO (3-2) emission. The [C II] rotation curves flatten at ≃2 kpc radius, suggesting that the kinematics of the central regions are dominated by a baryonic disk. Both galaxies exhibit a strong [C II]/far-IR (FIR) deficit on 1 kpc scales, with FIR surface brightness to [C II]/FIR slope steeper than in local star-forming galaxies. A comparison of the [C II]/CO (3-2) observations with photodissociation region models suggests a strong far-UV (FUV) radiation field (G0 ∼ 104) and high gas density (n(H) ∼ 104-105 cm–3) in the central regions of ALESS 49.1 and ALESS 57.1. The most direct interpretation of the pronounced [C II]/FIR deficit is a thermal saturation of the C+ fine-structure levels at temperatures >=500 K, driven by the strong FUV field.
© 2019. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved.
galaxies: high-redshift - galaxies: star formation - submillimeter: galaxies
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